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The paradox of human milk doping for anti-doping

Forgues, Chantalle; Mazanov, Jason; Smith, Julie


Human milk is employed as a reference substance to assess the equivocal language defining the three tests (enhancement, health and violation of the Spirit of Sport) for prohibiting substances and methods under the World Anti-Doping Code (the Code). Human milk is demonstrated to be consumed by athletes with intent to enhance performance, presents a non-trivial risk to health, and violates the Spirit of Sport.The implications of prohibiting human milk under the Code demonstrate the increasing...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2017
Type: Journal article
Source: Performance Enhancement and Health
DOI: 10.1016/j.peh.2017.08.002


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