Xia, Hua; Shats, Michael; Punzmann, Horst
Formation of turbulence of capillary waves is studied in laboratory experiments. The spectra show multiple exponentially decreasing harmonics of the parametrically excited wave which nonlinearly broaden with the increase in forcing. Spectral broadening leads to the development of the spectral continuum which scales as ∝ f-2.8, in agreement with the weak turbulence theory (WTT). Modulation instability of capillary waves is shown to be responsible for the transition from discrete to broadband...[Show more]
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