Skip navigation
Skip navigation

The economic impact of the mining boom on Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians

Hunter, Boyd; Howlett, Monica; Gray, Matthew

Description

Until the global financial crisis reduced Australian economic growth in late 2008, Indigenous employment had been increasing in both absolute and relative terms for over a decade. The effect of the international economic contraction has been mitigated by Australia’s booming mining sector, largely due to China’s growing demand for resources. Given that a substantial number of mining operations are on or near Indigenous land, the increase in mining investment may have disproportionately affected...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorHunter, Boyd
dc.contributor.authorHowlett, Monica
dc.contributor.authorGray, Matthew
dc.contributor.otherAustralian National University. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research
dc.coverage.spatialAustralia
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-07T22:39:33Z
dc.date.available2015-12-07T22:39:33Z
dc.date.created2014
dc.identifier.isbn0 7315 4992 9
dc.identifier.issn1442-3871
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/23914
dc.description.abstractUntil the global financial crisis reduced Australian economic growth in late 2008, Indigenous employment had been increasing in both absolute and relative terms for over a decade. The effect of the international economic contraction has been mitigated by Australia’s booming mining sector, largely due to China’s growing demand for resources. Given that a substantial number of mining operations are on or near Indigenous land, the increase in mining investment may have disproportionately affected Indigenous communities. There are concerns that, in remote mining areas, the increases in housing costs generated by the mining boom mean that anyone who does not work in the mining industry, particularly those who rely on government benefits, will find it harder to afford housing. Localised inflationary tendencies can also affect people employed outside the mining sector, but one would expect that scarcity in the labour market would drive up wages in both mining and non‑mining jobs. This paper examines changes in Indigenous employment, income and housing costs to identify any localised ‘resource curse’ for Indigenous communities and the Australian population at large. The paper draws on data from recent censuses, the geographic location of mines and mining investment to identify some potentially important effects of the mining boom on Indigenous communities. The main finding is that the mining boom has improved employment and income outcomes, but increased average housing costs. While the average increase in income has generally offset the increase in costs, there is some evidence that housing stress for low-income households has increased as a result of the mining boom.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis report was commisioned by Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research
dc.format.extent24 pages
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherCanberra, ACT : Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR), The Australian National University
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking Paper (Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR), The Australian National University); No. 93/2014
dc.rightsAuthor/s retain copyright
dc.source.urihttp://caepr.anu.edu.au/Publications/WP/2014WP93.php
dc.titleThe economic impact of the mining boom on Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians
dc.typeWorking/Technical Paper
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
dc.date.issued2014
local.identifier.absfor169902 - Studies of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Society
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4738148xPUB29
local.publisher.urlhttp://caepr.anu.edu.au/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationHunter, Boyd, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHowlett, Monica, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationGray, Matthew, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.bibliographicCitation.issue93/2014
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage24
dc.date.updated2019-08-11T08:17:32Z
local.bibliographicCitation.placeofpublicationCanberra, Australia
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenancePermission to deposit in Open Research received from CAEPR (ERMS2230079)
CollectionsANU Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR)

Download

File Description SizeFormat Image
WP93_Hunter_Howlett_Gray_Mining_0.pdf1.17 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail


Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  22 January 2019/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator