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Factors distinguishing suicide attempters from suicide ideators in a community sample: social issues and physical health problems

Fairweather, Kate; Butterworth, Peter; Rodgers, Bryan; Anstey, Kaarin

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Background. Few studies have focused on factors that uniquely distinguish suicide attempters from suicide ideators. This study assesses prevalence of suicide attempts among suicide ideators within a community sample; explores demographics, employment status, mental and physical health conditions, personality, life stresses and social environment as factors that may distinguish these groups; examines effects of age and gender upon suicide attempts and associated factors; and investigates the...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorFairweather, Kate
dc.contributor.authorButterworth, Peter
dc.contributor.authorRodgers, Bryan
dc.contributor.authorAnstey, Kaarin
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-07T22:38:34Z
dc.identifier.issn0033-2917
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/23495
dc.description.abstractBackground. Few studies have focused on factors that uniquely distinguish suicide attempters from suicide ideators. This study assesses prevalence of suicide attempts among suicide ideators within a community sample; explores demographics, employment status, mental and physical health conditions, personality, life stresses and social environment as factors that may distinguish these groups; examines effects of age and gender upon suicide attempts and associated factors; and investigates the increase in suicide attempts when multiple factors related to this behaviour are present. Method. Data were drawn from the PATH Through Life Project, a community survey of 7485 people in Canberra, Australia. A subsample of 522 suicide ideators were used for this study. Results. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with suicide attempts. Physical medical conditions (OR 1·95) and negative interactions with friends (OR 1·20) were associated with an increased likelihood of suicide attempts among suicide ideators. Age and gender interaction effects for suicide attempts were found involving physical medical condition and mastery among men (OR 3·78 and 0·83 respectively) and not being employed for those aged 40-44 years (OR 8·94). A cumulative effect was found when multiple factors associated with suicide attempts were present, and the probability of an attempt was significantly elevated. Conclusions. Factors distinguishing those who attempt suicide from suicide ideators involve being unemployed, physical ill health and relationship difficulties. Contrary to expectation, this study found that ideators and attempters experience comparable levels of depression and anxiety.
dc.publisherCambridge University Press
dc.sourcePsychological Medicine
dc.subjectKeywords: adult; age; anxiety disorder; article; Australia; controlled study; demography; depression; employment; expectation; female; health status; human; human relation; life event; logistic regression analysis; major clinical study; male; mental health; persona
dc.titleFactors distinguishing suicide attempters from suicide ideators in a community sample: social issues and physical health problems
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume36
dc.date.issued2006
local.identifier.absfor111714 - Mental Health
local.identifier.ariespublicationU4146231xPUB27
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationFairweather, Kate, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAnstey, Kaarin, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationRodgers, Bryan, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationButterworth, Peter, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue9
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1235
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1245
local.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291706007823
local.identifier.absseo920410 - Mental Health
dc.date.updated2015-12-07T10:39:30Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-33746876010
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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