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Cranio-morphometric and aDNA corroboration of the Austronesian dispersal model in ancient Island Southeast Asia: Support from Gua Harimau, Indonesia

Matsumura, H.; Shinoda, Ken-ichi; Shimanjuntak, Truman; Oktaviana, Adhi Agus; Noerwidi, Sofwan; Sofian, Harry Octavianus; Prastiningtyas, Dyah; Nguyen, Lan Cuong; Kakuda, Tsuneo; Kanzawa-Kiriyama, Hideaki; Hung, Hsiao-chun; Oxenham, Marc

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The Austronesian language is spread from Madagascar in the west, Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) in the east (e.g. the Philippines and Indonesian archipelagoes) and throughout the Pacific, as far east as Easter Island. While it seems clear that the remote ancestors of Austronesian speakers originated in Southern China, and migrated to Taiwan with the development of rice farming by c. 5500 BP and onto the northern Philippines by c. 4000 BP (the Austronesian Dispersal Hypothesis or ADH), we know...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMatsumura, H.
dc.contributor.authorShinoda, Ken-ichi
dc.contributor.authorShimanjuntak, Truman
dc.contributor.authorOktaviana, Adhi Agus
dc.contributor.authorNoerwidi, Sofwan
dc.contributor.authorSofian, Harry Octavianus
dc.contributor.authorPrastiningtyas, Dyah
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Lan Cuong
dc.contributor.authorKakuda, Tsuneo
dc.contributor.authorKanzawa-Kiriyama, Hideaki
dc.contributor.authorHung, Hsiao-chun
dc.contributor.authorOxenham, Marc
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-17T00:03:07Z
dc.date.available2021-03-17T00:03:07Z
dc.identifier.citationMatsumura H, Shinoda K-i, Shimanjuntak T, Oktaviana AA, Noerwidi S, Octavianus Sofian H, et al. (2018) Cranio-morphometric and aDNA corroboration of the Austronesian dispersal model in ancient Island Southeast Asia: Support from Gua Harimau, Indonesia. PLoS ONE 13(6): e0198689. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198689
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/227218
dc.description.abstractThe Austronesian language is spread from Madagascar in the west, Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) in the east (e.g. the Philippines and Indonesian archipelagoes) and throughout the Pacific, as far east as Easter Island. While it seems clear that the remote ancestors of Austronesian speakers originated in Southern China, and migrated to Taiwan with the development of rice farming by c. 5500 BP and onto the northern Philippines by c. 4000 BP (the Austronesian Dispersal Hypothesis or ADH), we know very little about the origins and emergence of Austronesian speakers in the Indonesian Archipelago. Using a combination of cranial morphometric and ancient mtDNA analyses on a new dataset from Gua Hairmau, that spans the pre-Neolithic through to Metal Period (5712—5591cal BP to 1864—1719 cal BP), we rigorously test the validity of the ADH in ISEA. A morphometric analysis of 23 adult male crania, using 16 of Martin’s standard measurements, was carried out with results compared to an East and Southeast Asian dataset of 30 sample populations spanning the Late Pleistocene through to Metal Period, in addition to 39 modern samples from East and Southeast Asia, near Oceania and Australia. Further, 20 samples were analyzed for ancient mtDNA and assigned to identified haplogroups. We demonstrate that the archaeological human remains from Gua Harimau cave, Sumatra, Indonesia provide clear evidence for at least two (cranio-morphometrically defined) and perhaps even three (in the context of the ancient mtDNA results) distinct populations from two separate time periods. The results of these analyses provide substantive support for the ADH model in explaining the origins and population history of ISEA peoples.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant No. 23247040 and No. 16H02527 to HM and Australian Research Council Grant No. FT120100299 to MFO and DP150104458 to HCH.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science
dc.rights© 2018 Matsumura et al.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourcePLOS ONE (Public Library of Science)
dc.titleCranio-morphometric and aDNA corroboration of the Austronesian dispersal model in ancient Island Southeast Asia: Support from Gua Harimau, Indonesia
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume13
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-05-23
dc.date.issued2018-06-22
local.identifier.absfor210102 - Archaeological Science
local.identifier.ariespublicationu5786633xPUB174
local.publisher.urlhttps://journals.plos.org/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationMatsumura, H, Sapporo Medical University
local.contributor.affiliationShinoda, Ken-ichi, National Museum of Nature and Science
local.contributor.affiliationShimanjuntak, Truman, Center of Prehistory and Austronesian Studies
local.contributor.affiliationOktaviana, Adhi Agus, National Research Centre for Archaeology
local.contributor.affiliationNoerwidi, Sofwan, The National Research Centre of Archaeology
local.contributor.affiliationSofian, Harry Octavianus, The National Research Centre of Archaeology
local.contributor.affiliationPrastiningtyas, Dyah, Center for Prehistory and Austronesian Studies
local.contributor.affiliationNguyen, Lan Cuong, Institute of Archaeology
local.contributor.affiliationKakuda, Tsuneo, University of Yamanashi
local.contributor.affiliationKanzawa-Kiriyama, Hideaki, National Museum of Nature and Science
local.contributor.affiliationHung, Hsiao-Chun, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationOxenham, Marc, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FT120100299
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP150104458
local.bibliographicCitation.issue6
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage25
local.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0198689
local.identifier.absseo950502 - Understanding Asia's Past
local.identifier.absseo970121 - Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
dc.date.updated2020-11-23T11:37:57Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85048976588
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenanceThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons Attribution License
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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