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Sailors, Savants, Naming: France and the Knowing of Oceania, 1756–1840

Douglas, Bronwen

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This paper addresses the tangled interplay of mariners’ experience and prevailing theory in the French mapping, naming and classification of places and people in what is usually called Oceania (here spanning the south Pacific Islands, Australia, New Guinea and New Zealand). This vast, mainly maritime zone was known to Europeans from the early 16th century as the ‘fifth part of the world’. Over the next four centuries, it was mostly called the South Sea/Pacific Ocean or Terra Australis/Océanie....[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorDouglas, Bronwen
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-28T22:14:56Z
dc.date.available2021-02-28T22:14:56Z
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-78491-642-8
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/224531
dc.description.abstractThis paper addresses the tangled interplay of mariners’ experience and prevailing theory in the French mapping, naming and classification of places and people in what is usually called Oceania (here spanning the south Pacific Islands, Australia, New Guinea and New Zealand). This vast, mainly maritime zone was known to Europeans from the early 16th century as the ‘fifth part of the world’. Over the next four centuries, it was mostly called the South Sea/Pacific Ocean or Terra Australis/Océanie. My main chronological focus is the classic era of French scientific voyaging under sail after 1750, bookended by the expeditions of Louis-Antoine de Bougainville and Jules Dumont d’Urville. I consider the creation, mutual appropriation and cross-fertilization of practical and abstract knowledges, their differential inscription in cartographic and written texts, and their uneven synthesis in nineteenth-century geographic and anthropological (or raciological) nomenclatures and classifications in France.
dc.description.sponsorshipCollective Biography of Archaeology in the Pacific ARC Laureate Project, College of Arts & Social Sciences, Australian National University
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherArchaeopress
dc.relation.ispartofIKUWA6: Shared Heritage: Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress on Underwater Archaeology
dc.rights© 2020 Archaeopress and Bronwen Douglas
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.source.urihttps://www.archaeopress.com/ArchaeopressShop/Public/defaultAll.asp?QuickSearch=IKUWA6&displayedSearchLanguageID=true&LanguageID=0
dc.subjectOceania
dc.subjectFrance
dc.subjectgeography
dc.subjectanthropology
dc.subjectcartography
dc.subjectrace
dc.titleSailors, Savants, Naming: France and the Knowing of Oceania, 1756–1840
dc.typeBook chapter
dc.date.issued2020
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.archaeopress.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationDouglas, Bronwen, Honorary Professor, School of Archaeology and Anthropology, ANU College of Arts & Social Sciences, ANU
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage207
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage217
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenanceThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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