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Estimating community incidence of Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections, Australia

Hall, Gillian; Yohannes, Keflemariam; Raupach, Jane; Becker, Niels; Kirk, Martyn

Description

To estimate multipliers linking surveillance of salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections to community incidence, we used data from a gastroenteritis survey and other sources. Multipliers for severe (bloody stool/long duration) and milder cases were estimated from the component probabilities of doctor visit, stool test, sensitivity of laboratory test, and reporting to surveillance system. Pathogens were classified by the same severity...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorHall, Gillian
dc.contributor.authorYohannes, Keflemariam
dc.contributor.authorRaupach, Jane
dc.contributor.authorBecker, Niels
dc.contributor.authorKirk, Martyn
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-07T22:27:34Z
dc.identifier.issn1080-6040
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/21950
dc.description.abstractTo estimate multipliers linking surveillance of salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections to community incidence, we used data from a gastroenteritis survey and other sources. Multipliers for severe (bloody stool/long duration) and milder cases were estimated from the component probabilities of doctor visit, stool test, sensitivity of laboratory test, and reporting to surveillance system. Pathogens were classified by the same severity criteria and appropriate multipliers applied. Precision of estimates was quantified by using simulation techniques to construct 95% credible intervals (CrIs). The multiplier for salmonellosis was estimated at 7 (95% CrI 4-16), for campylobacteriosis at 10 (95% CrI 7-22), and for STEC at 8 (95% CrI 3-75). Australian annual community incidence rates per 100,000 population were estimated as 262 (95% CrI 150-624), 1,184 (95% CrI 756-2,670), and 23 (95% CrI 13-54), respectively. Estimation of multipliers allows assessment of the true effects of these diseases and better understanding of public health surveillance.
dc.publisherUS National Centre for Infectious Diseases
dc.sourceEmerging Infectious Diseases
dc.subjectKeywords: article; Australia; bacterial infection; Campylobacter; campylobacteriosis; diagnostic accuracy; Escherichia coli; feces analysis; gastroenteritis; Gram negative infection; health survey; hematochezia; human; incidence; laboratory test; major clinical stu
dc.titleEstimating community incidence of Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infections, Australia
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume14
dc.date.issued2008
local.identifier.absfor111706 - Epidemiology
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4468094xPUB19
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationHall, Gillian, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationYohannes, Keflemariam, Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing
local.contributor.affiliationRaupach, Jane, Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing
local.contributor.affiliationBecker, Niels, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationKirk, Martyn, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue10
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1601
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage1609
local.identifier.doi10.3201/1410.071042
dc.date.updated2015-12-07T09:54:17Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-54249136268
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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