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Isotopic evidence for initial coastal colonization and subsequent diversification in the human occupation of Wallacea

Roberts, Patrick; Louys, Julien; Zech, Jana; Shipton, Ceri; Kealy, Shimona; Samper Carro, Sofia Cristina; Hawkins, Stuart; Boulanger, Clara; Marzo, Sara; Fiedler, Bianca; Boivin, Nicole L.; Mahirta, X; Aplin, Ken; O'Connor, Sue

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The resource-poor, isolated islands of Wallacea have been considered a major adaptive obstacle for hominins expanding into Australasia. Archaeological evidence has hinted that coastal adaptations in Homo sapiens enabled rapid island dispersal and settlement; however, there has been no means to directly test this proposition. Here, we apply stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis to human and faunal tooth enamel from six Late Pleistocene to Holocene archaeological sites across Wallacea....[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorLouys, Julien
dc.contributor.authorZech, Jana
dc.contributor.authorShipton, Ceri
dc.contributor.authorKealy, Shimona
dc.contributor.authorSamper Carro, Sofia Cristina
dc.contributor.authorHawkins, Stuart
dc.contributor.authorBoulanger, Clara
dc.contributor.authorMarzo, Sara
dc.contributor.authorFiedler, Bianca
dc.contributor.authorBoivin, Nicole L.
dc.contributor.authorMahirta, X
dc.contributor.authorAplin, Ken
dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, Sue
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-12T23:38:56Z
dc.date.available2021-01-12T23:38:56Z
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/219316
dc.description.abstractThe resource-poor, isolated islands of Wallacea have been considered a major adaptive obstacle for hominins expanding into Australasia. Archaeological evidence has hinted that coastal adaptations in Homo sapiens enabled rapid island dispersal and settlement; however, there has been no means to directly test this proposition. Here, we apply stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis to human and faunal tooth enamel from six Late Pleistocene to Holocene archaeological sites across Wallacea. The results demonstrate that the earliest human forager found in the region c. 42,000 years ago made significant use of coastal resources prior to subsequent niche diversification shown for later individuals. We argue that our data provides clear insights into the huge adaptive flexibility of our species, including its ability to specialize in the use of varied environments, particularly in comparison to other hominin species known from Island Southeast Asia.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project was funded by the Max Planck Society, a European Research Council Starter Grant awarded to P.R. (no. 850709), an Australian Research Council Laureate Fellowship awarded to S.O’.C. (FL120100156), and the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage (CE170100015).
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherMacmillan Publishers Ltd
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2020
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceNature Communications
dc.titleIsotopic evidence for initial coastal colonization and subsequent diversification in the human occupation of Wallacea
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume11
dc.date.issued2020
local.identifier.absfor210103 - Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
local.identifier.absfor040203 - Isotope Geochemistry
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB13193
local.publisher.urlhttp://www.nature.com/ncomms/index.html
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationRoberts, Patrick, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationLouys, Julien, Griffith University
local.contributor.affiliationZech, Jana, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationShipton, Ceri, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationKealy, Shimona, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationSamper Carro, Sofia, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHawkins, Stuart, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBoulanger, Clara, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMarzo, Sara, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationFiedler, Bianca, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationBoivin, Nicole L., Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
local.contributor.affiliationMahirta, X, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAplin, Ken, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationO'Connor, Susan, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FL120100156
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/CE170100015
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage2068-1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage2068-11
local.identifier.doi10.1038/s41467-020-15969-4
local.identifier.absseo970121 - Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
dc.date.updated2020-11-02T04:17:49Z
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenanceThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/.
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