Skip navigation
Skip navigation

IFU spectroscopy of southern planetary nebulae IV: A physical model for IC 418

Dopita, Michael; Ali, Alaa; Sutherland, Ralph; Nicholls , David; Amer, Morsi A.

Description

We describe high spectral resolution, high dynamic range integral field spectroscopy of IC 418 covering the spectral range 3300–8950 Å and compare with earlier data. We determine line fluxes, derive chemical abundances, provide a spectrum of the central star and determine the shape of the nebular continuum. Using photoionization models, we derive the reddening function from the nebular continuum and recombination lines. The nebula has a very high inner ionization parameter. Consequently,...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorDopita, Michael
dc.contributor.authorAli, Alaa
dc.contributor.authorSutherland, Ralph
dc.contributor.authorNicholls , David
dc.contributor.authorAmer, Morsi A.
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-20T20:56:58Z
dc.date.available2020-12-20T20:56:58Z
dc.identifier.issn0035-8711
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/218114
dc.description.abstractWe describe high spectral resolution, high dynamic range integral field spectroscopy of IC 418 covering the spectral range 3300–8950 Å and compare with earlier data. We determine line fluxes, derive chemical abundances, provide a spectrum of the central star and determine the shape of the nebular continuum. Using photoionization models, we derive the reddening function from the nebular continuum and recombination lines. The nebula has a very high inner ionization parameter. Consequently, radiation pressure dominates the gas pressure and dust absorbs a large fraction of ionizing photons. Radiation pressure induces increasing density with radius. From a photoionization analysis we derive central star parameters; log Teff = 4.525 K, log L*/L⊙ = 4.029, log g = 3.5 and using stellar evolutionary models we estimate an initial mass of 2.5 < M/M⊙ < 3.0. The inner filamentary shell is shocked by the rapidly increasing stellar wind ram pressure, and we model this as an externally photoionized shock. In addition, a shock is driven into the pre-existing asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stellar wind by the strong D-Type ionization front developed at the outer boundary of the nebula. From the dynamics of the inner mass-loss bubble and from stellar evolutionary models, we infer that the nebula became ionized in the last 100–200 yr, but evolved structurally during the ∼2000 yr since the central star evolved off the AGB. The estimated current mass-loss rate ( M˙=3.8×10−8M⊙ yr−1) and terminal velocity (v∞ ∼ 450 km s−1) are sufficient to excite the inner mass-loss bubble. While on the AGB, the central star lost mass at M˙=2.1×10−5M⊙ yr−1 with outflow velocity ∼14 km s−1.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
dc.sourceMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
dc.titleIFU spectroscopy of southern planetary nebulae IV: A physical model for IC 418
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume470
dc.date.issued2017
local.identifier.absfor020110 - Stellar Astronomy and Planetary Systems
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB7426
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationDopita, Michael, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAli, Alaa, King Abdulaziz University
local.contributor.affiliationSutherland, Ralph, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationNicholls , David, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAmer, Morsi A., King Abdulaziz University
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage839
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage864
local.identifier.doi10.1093/mnras/stx1166
dc.date.updated2020-11-23T10:39:34Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85021832407
local.identifier.thomsonID000406842600051
CollectionsANU Research Publications

Download

There are no files associated with this item.


Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  19 May 2020/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator