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How do organizational structures impact operational safety? Part 1 - Understanding the dangers of decentralization

Monteiro, Gilsa; Hopkins, Andrew; Melo, Paulo Fernando Frutuoso e

Description

This paper (Part 1) is about the influence of organizational structures on the way major accident risks are managed. It discusses how decentralization, meaning the dispersion of decision-making autonomy within the company, undermines operational safety. A case study is presented, and three real situations experienced by an oil and gas company are described, revealing how the decentralized structure contributed to the negative outcomes observed in each case. The examples demonstrate the need...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, Gilsa
dc.contributor.authorHopkins, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorMelo, Paulo Fernando Frutuoso e
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-07T23:47:00Z
dc.identifier.issn0925-7535
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/216747
dc.description.abstractThis paper (Part 1) is about the influence of organizational structures on the way major accident risks are managed. It discusses how decentralization, meaning the dispersion of decision-making autonomy within the company, undermines operational safety. A case study is presented, and three real situations experienced by an oil and gas company are described, revealing how the decentralized structure contributed to the negative outcomes observed in each case. The examples demonstrate the need for an operational safety structure with a higher degree of centralization and a greater independence from business pressures. Then, in a separate paper (Part 2) following on from this discussion, the authors propose a design strategy to strengthen the operational safety function. In the suggested structure, a more centralized and independent control of risks is achieved, without losing the ability to quickly identify and effectively address the safety issues at the asset level.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rights© 2019 Elsevier Ltd
dc.sourceSafety Science
dc.subjectOrganizational structure
dc.subjectCulture
dc.subjectOperational safety
dc.subjectDecentralization
dc.subjectCentralization
dc.subjectMajor accidents
dc.titleHow do organizational structures impact operational safety? Part 1 - Understanding the dangers of decentralization
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume123
dc.date.issued2020
local.identifier.absfor111705 - Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
local.identifier.ariespublicationu6269649xPUB513
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.elsevier.com/en-au
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationMonteiro, Gilsa, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHopkins, Andrew, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMelo, Paulo Fernando Frutuoso e, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage13
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ssci.2019.104568
local.identifier.absseo960799 - Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified
dc.date.updated2020-07-19T08:32:17Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85076853155
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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