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Impact of pre-departure preparation on the health and wellbeing of Australian gap year travellers

Furuya-Kanamori, Luis; Lau, Colleen; Banks, Sarah; Mills, Deborah J.

Description

Background: Medical problems are prevalent among young travellers. A quasi-experimental study was conducted to investigate the impact of country-specific pre-departure preparation in the occurrence of medical and psychological problems among Australian gap year. Methods: Participants were recruited during two periods, 2013-14 and 2017-18 from an organisation that specialises in gap year placements. Based on results of our previous study of the 2013-14 cohort, improvements in the...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorFuruya-Kanamori, Luis
dc.contributor.authorLau, Colleen
dc.contributor.authorBanks, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorMills, Deborah J.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-28T04:03:21Z
dc.identifier.issn1477-8939
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/211647
dc.description.abstractBackground: Medical problems are prevalent among young travellers. A quasi-experimental study was conducted to investigate the impact of country-specific pre-departure preparation in the occurrence of medical and psychological problems among Australian gap year. Methods: Participants were recruited during two periods, 2013-14 and 2017-18 from an organisation that specialises in gap year placements. Based on results of our previous study of the 2013-14 cohort, improvements in the pre-departure preparation were introduced. Demographic, placement, and pre-departure preparation characteristics as well as psychological stressors, coping mechanisms, and medical problems were collected and compared between the two cohorts. Results: Demographic and placement characteristics were similar between the two cohorts. There was a significant increase in the proportion of travellers that read the briefing material (from 80% to 100%; p-value < 0.001), carried a first aid kit (from 26% to 62%; p-value < 0.001), and accessed information on how to deal with common health problems (from 46% to 61%; p-value = 0.047). All psychological stressors decreased, except for feeling home sick that remained high (72%). Medical problems remained prevalent; half of the gap year travellers sought medical attention, yet there was a significant reduction in sunburn (from 59% to 37%; pvalue = 0.040), diarrhoea/food poisoning (from 44% to 21%; p-value = 0.015), weight change (from 41% to 16%; p-value = 0.006), and skin infections (from 38% to 9%; p-value < 0.001). Conclusions: Gap year travellers are exposed to a wide range of health risks and experience higher proportion of medical problems than standard tourists. A comprehensive country-specific pre-departure preparation had a positive impact on the gap year travellers' wellbeing
dc.description.sponsorshipCL and LFK were supported by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council Fellowships (APP1109035 and APP1158469).
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rights© 2020 Elsevier Ltd.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.sourceTravel Medicine and Infectious Disease
dc.titleImpact of pre-departure preparation on the health and wellbeing of Australian gap year travellers
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume37
dc.date.issued2020
local.identifier.absfor111706 - Epidemiology
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB11338
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.elsevier.com/en-au
local.type.statusAccepted Version
local.contributor.affiliationFuruya Kanamori, Luis, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationLau, Colleen, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBanks, Sarah, Lattitude Global Volunteering
local.contributor.affiliationMills , Deborah J, Travel Medicine Alliance Clinics, Australia
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1109035
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101682
local.identifier.absseo920401 - Behaviour and Health
dc.date.updated2021-11-28T07:19:50Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85083590921
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenancehttps://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/12956..."The Accepted Version can be archived in an Institutional Repository. 12 months embargo. CC BY-NC-ND" from SHERPA/RoMEO site (as at 29/09/2020).
dc.rights.licenseCC BY-NC-ND
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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