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Source Attribution of Salmonella in Macadamia Nuts to Animal and Environmental Reservoirs in Queensland, Australia

Munck, Nanna; Smith, James J; Bates, John; Glass, Kathryn; Hald, Tine; Kirk, Martyn

Description

Salmonella enterica is a common contaminant of macadamia nut kernels in the subtropical state of Queensland (QLD), Australia. We hypothesized that nonhuman sources in the plantation environment contaminate macadamia nuts. We applied a modified Hald source attribution model to attribute Salmonella serovars and phage types detected on macadamia nuts from 1998 to 2017 to specific animal and environmental sources. Potential sources were represented by Salmonella types isolated from avian,...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2019
Type: Journal article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/211311
Source: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
DOI: 10.1089/fpd.2019.2706
Access Rights: Open Access

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