Online markets for child exploitation materials (CEM) or child sex abuse images have developed in tandem with the rapid expansion of the Internet. CEM images of sexual abuse of children, often photographs and videos, include live transmission of sexual assault as well as simulated experiences using virtual reality technology or robotics. User-generated images, sexting and 'revenge porn' are new sources of image-based abuse often involving older children. The content of CEM constitutes a crime...[Show more]
Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.