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Recruitment Revisited:The Commissioned Civil Service of Later Han

de Crespigny, Rafe


Though the imperial service of Later Han employed some 150,000 men, the majority held only junior rank, in secretarial and technical posts or low-level positions in the police and the military. High office was reserved for those with an imperial commission, on which basis they could rise to power and authority. This paper discusses how such commissions were obtained, and the processes which recruited officials and ensured support for the government among the leading classes of the empire. Most...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2009
Type: Journal article
Source: Early Medieval China
DOI: 10.1179/152991008790012871


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