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Caricaturing as a General Method to Improve Poor Face Recognition: Evidence From Low-Resolution Images, Other-Race Faces, and Older Adults

Dawel, Amy; Wong, Tsz Ying; McMorrow, Jodie; Ivanovici, Callin; He, Xuming; Barnes, Nick; Irons, Jessica; Gradden, Tamara; Robbins, Rachel; Goodhew, Stephanie Catherine; Lane, Jo; McKone, Elinor

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There are multiple well-established situations in which humans' face recognition performance is poor, including for low-resolution images, other-race faces, and in older adult observers. Here we show that caricaturing faces-that is, exaggerating their appearance away from an average face-can provide a useful applied method for improving face recognition across all these circumstances. We employ a face-name learning task offering a number of methodological advantages (e.g., valid comparison of...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorDawel, Amy
dc.contributor.authorWong, Tsz Ying
dc.contributor.authorMcMorrow, Jodie
dc.contributor.authorIvanovici, Callin
dc.contributor.authorHe, Xuming
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Nick
dc.contributor.authorIrons, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorGradden, Tamara
dc.contributor.authorRobbins, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorGoodhew, Stephanie Catherine
dc.contributor.authorLane, Jo
dc.contributor.authorMcKone, Elinor
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-18T04:49:48Z
dc.identifier.citationDawel, A., Wong, T. Y., McMorrow, J., Ivanovici, C., He, X., Barnes, N., Irons, J., Gradden, T., Robbins, R., Goodhew, S. C., Lane, J., & McKone, E. (2018, October 15). Caricaturing as a General Method to Improve Poor Face Recognition: Evidence From Low-Resolution Images, Other-Race Faces, and Older Adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xap0000180
dc.identifier.issn1076-898X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/205305
dc.description.abstractThere are multiple well-established situations in which humans' face recognition performance is poor, including for low-resolution images, other-race faces, and in older adult observers. Here we show that caricaturing faces-that is, exaggerating their appearance away from an average face-can provide a useful applied method for improving face recognition across all these circumstances. We employ a face-name learning task offering a number of methodological advantages (e.g., valid comparison of the size of the caricature improvement across conditions differing in overall accuracy). Across six experiments, we (a) extend previous evidence that caricaturing can improve recognition of low-resolution (blurred) faces; (b) show for the first time that caricaturing improves recognition and perception of other-race faces; and (c) show for the first time that caricaturing improves recognition in observers across the whole adult life span (testing older adults, M age = 71 years). In size, caricature benefits were at least as large where natural face recognition is poor (other-race, low resolution, older adults) as for the naturally best situation (own-race high-resolution faces in young adults). We discuss potential for practical applicability to improving face recognition in low-vision patients (age-related macular degeneration, bionic eye), security settings (police, passport control), eyewitness testimony, and prosopagnosia.
dc.description.sponsorshipFunded by the Australian Research Council Grant DP150100684 to Elinor McKone and the ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Its Disorders (CE110001021) http://www.ccd.edu.au (funding Elinor McKone and Amy Dawel); Stephanie C. Goodhew supported by Australian Research Council fellowship DE140101734.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association
dc.rights© 2018 American Psychological Association
dc.sourceJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
dc.subjectface recognition
dc.subjectcaricature
dc.subjectblur
dc.subjectother-race effect
dc.subjectageing
dc.titleCaricaturing as a General Method to Improve Poor Face Recognition: Evidence From Low-Resolution Images, Other-Race Faces, and Older Adults
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume25
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-03-13
dc.date.issued2018-10-15
local.identifier.absfor170112 - Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
local.identifier.ariespublicationu6048437xPUB622
local.publisher.urlhttps://psycnet.apa.org/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationDawel, Amy, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationWong, Tsz Ying (Sylvia), College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMcMorrow, Jodie, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationIvanovici, Callin, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHe, Xuming, College of Engineering and Computer Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBarnes, Nicholas (Nick), College of Engineering and Computer Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationIrons, Jessica, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationGradden, Tamara, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationRobbins, Rachel, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationGoodhew, Stephanie, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationLane, Jo, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationMcKone, Elinor, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP150100684
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/CE1101021
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DE140101734
local.bibliographicCitation.issue2
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage256
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage279
local.identifier.doi10.1037/xap0000180
local.identifier.absseo920204 - Evaluation of Health Outcomes
dc.date.updated2020-01-19T07:36:49Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85054774211
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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