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Analysis and Design of Communication Policies for Energy-Constrained Machine-Type Devices

Alvi, Sheeraz

Description

This thesis focuses on the modelling, analysis and design of novel communication strategies for wireless machine-type communication (MTC) systems to realize the notion of Internet of things (IoT). We consider sensor based MTC devices which acquire physical information from the environment and transmit it to a base station (BS) while satisfying application specific quality-of-service (QoS) requirements. Due to the wireless and unattended operation, these MTC devices are mostly battery-operated...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorAlvi, Sheeraz
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-05T08:16:09Z
dc.date.available2020-06-05T08:16:09Z
dc.identifier.otherb71498503
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/204859
dc.description.abstractThis thesis focuses on the modelling, analysis and design of novel communication strategies for wireless machine-type communication (MTC) systems to realize the notion of Internet of things (IoT). We consider sensor based MTC devices which acquire physical information from the environment and transmit it to a base station (BS) while satisfying application specific quality-of-service (QoS) requirements. Due to the wireless and unattended operation, these MTC devices are mostly battery-operated and are severely energy-constrained. In addition, MTC systems require low-latency, perpetual operation, massive-access, etc. Motivated by these critical requirements, this thesis proposes optimal data communication policies for four different network scenarios. In the first two scenarios, each MTC device transmits data on a dedicated orthogonal channel and either (i) possess an initially fully charged battery of finite capacity, or (ii) possess the ability to harvest energy and store it in a battery of finite capacity. In the other two scenarios, all MTC devices share a single channel and are either (iii) allocated individual non-overlapping transmission times, or (iv) randomly transmit data on predefined time slots. The proposed novel techniques and insights gained from this thesis aim to better utilize the limited energy resources of machine-type devices in order to effectively serve the future wireless networks. Firstly, we consider a sensor based MTC device communicates with a BS, and devise optimal data compression and transmission policies with an objective to prolong the device-lifetime. We formulate joint optimization problems aiming to maximize the device-lifetime whilst satisfying the delay and bit-error-rate constraints. Our results show significant improvement in device-lifetime. Importantly, the gain is most profound in the low latency regime. Secondly, we consider a sensor based MTC device that is served by a hybrid BS which wirelessly transfers power to the device and receives data transmission from the device. The MTC device employs data compression in order to reduce the energy cost of data transmission. Thus, we propose to jointly optimize the harvesting-time, compression and transmission design, to minimize the energy cost of the system under given delay constraint. The proposed scheme reduces energy consumption up to 19% when data compression is employed. Thirdly, we consider multiple MTC devices transmit data to a BS following the time division multiple access (TDMA). Conventionally, the energy-efficiency performance in TDMA is optimized through multi-user scheduling, i.e., changing the transmission time allocated to different devices. In such a system, the sequence of devices for transmission, i.e., who transmits first and who transmits second, etc., does not have any impact on the energy-efficiency. We consider that data compression is performed before transmission. We jointly optimize both multi-user sequencing and scheduling along with the compression and transmission rate. Our results show that multi-user sequence optimization achieves up to 45% improvement in the energy-efficiency at MTC devices. Lastly, we consider contention resolution diversity slotted ALOHA (CRDSA) with transmit power diversity where each packet copy from a device is transmitted at a randomly selected power level. It results in inter-slot received power diversity, which is exploited by employing a signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio based successive interference cancellation (SIC) receiver. We propose a message passing algorithm to model the SIC decoding and formulate an optimization problem to determine the optimal transmit power distribution subject to energy constraints. We show that the proposed strategy provides up to 88% system load performance improvement for massive-MTC systems.
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.titleAnalysis and Design of Communication Policies for Energy-Constrained Machine-Type Devices
dc.typeThesis (PhD)
local.contributor.supervisorZhou, Xiangyun
local.contributor.supervisorcontactu2586105@anu.edu.au
dc.date.issued2020
local.contributor.affiliationCollege Engineering and Computer Science, College of Engineering and Computer Science, The Australian National University
local.identifier.doi10.25911/5ee74e85ea20e
local.identifier.proquestYes
local.thesisANUonly.authord90b48d6-a112-41ad-b63f-909187e14eed
local.thesisANUonly.title000000015703_TC_1
local.thesisANUonly.keyf436156d-ac90-923a-7776-6ad4184dcb79
local.mintdoimint
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