Elvebakk, Arve; Elix, John
The endemic New Zealand lichen Pannaria xanthomelana has been restudied and found to be characterized by a secondary chemistry of pannarin and porphyrilic acid in addition to terpenoids, and by always having abundant, conspicuously large, and mostly foliose cephalodia. Its verruciform pycnidia and bacilliform pycnoconidia/spermatia are described here for the first time. Two other related New Zealand endemics, P. gallowayi and P. aotearoana, are described as new. Both have small, relatively rare...[Show more]
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