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Inverse J Effect of Economic Growth on Fertility: A Model of Gender Wages and Maternal Time Substitution

Day, Creina

Description

This paper presented a model where economic growth, via growth in female wages relative to male wages, encouraged households to raise paid female labor supply and have more children by substituting child care for maternal time. A threshold logarithm per capita output, above which fertility decline reverses, was predicted to depend on subsidized child care, maternity pay, and the value placed on children and maternal time spent rearing children. The predictions explained recent evidence and...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorDay, Creina
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-04T04:55:47Z
dc.identifier.issn1058-0476
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/187314
dc.description.abstractThis paper presented a model where economic growth, via growth in female wages relative to male wages, encouraged households to raise paid female labor supply and have more children by substituting child care for maternal time. A threshold logarithm per capita output, above which fertility decline reverses, was predicted to depend on subsidized child care, maternity pay, and the value placed on children and maternal time spent rearing children. The predictions explained recent evidence and identified cross country differences in gender wages, family policy and willingness to substitute maternal time in childrearing as important factors in an inverse J-shaped effect of economic growth on fertility. The analysis was robust to the introduction of education and cost sharing among children in child rearing. Economies of scale in child rearing reduced the threshold logarithm of per capita output. Demand for child quality continued to rise with wages despite fertility decline reversal.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherKluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
dc.rights© 2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
dc.sourceJournal of Family and Economic Issues
dc.subjectFertility
dc.subjectEconomic development
dc.subjectJ-shaped pattern
dc.titleInverse J Effect of Economic Growth on Fertility: A Model of Gender Wages and Maternal Time Substitution
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume39
dc.date.issued2018-06-16
local.identifier.absfor140214 - Public Economics- Publically Provided Goods
local.identifier.absfor140103 - Mathematical Economics
local.identifier.absfor140202 - Economic Development and Growth
local.identifier.ariespublicationU1061771xPUB55
local.publisher.urlhttps://link.springer.com
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationDay, Creina, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue4
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage577
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage587
local.identifier.doi10.1007/s10834-018-9578-3
dc.date.updated2019-03-31T07:20:06Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85048528085
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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