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First record of avian extinctions from the Late Pleistocene and Holocene of Timor Leste

Meijer, Hanneke J. M.; Louys, Julien; O'Connor, Susan

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Timor has yielded the earliest evidence for modern humans in Wallacea, but despite its long history of modern human occupation, there is little evidence for human-induced Late Pleistocene extinctions. Here, we report on Late Pleistocene and Holocene bird remains from Jerimalai and Matja Kuru 1, sites that have yielded extensive archaeological sequences dating back to >40 ka. Avian remains are present throughout the sequence, and quails (Phasianidae), buttonquails (Turnicidae) and pigeons...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMeijer, Hanneke J. M.
dc.contributor.authorLouys, Julien
dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, Susan
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-03T03:56:43Z
dc.identifier.issn0277-3791
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/187230
dc.description.abstractTimor has yielded the earliest evidence for modern humans in Wallacea, but despite its long history of modern human occupation, there is little evidence for human-induced Late Pleistocene extinctions. Here, we report on Late Pleistocene and Holocene bird remains from Jerimalai and Matja Kuru 1, sites that have yielded extensive archaeological sequences dating back to >40 ka. Avian remains are present throughout the sequence, and quails (Phasianidae), buttonquails (Turnicidae) and pigeons (Columbidae) are the most abundant groups. Taphonomic analyses suggest that the majority of bird remains, with the exception of large-bodied pigeons, were accumulated by avian predators, likely the Barn owl Tyto sp. All species represent extant taxa that are still present on Timor today, with the exception of a crane, Grus sp., from the Late Pleistocene of Jerimalai, and a large buttonquail, Turnix sp., from Matja Kuru 1. The crane likely represents an extirpated population of cranes, which were much more widespread throughout the Indonesian archipelago during the Quaternary. The large buttonquail is present at Matja Kuru 1 alongside the extant T. maculosus until at least 1372–1300 cal BP. These two species represent the first records of avian extinctions on Timor. However, a causal relationship between the extinction of these two taxa and human impact cannot be demonstrated at this point.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was partly funded through an ARC Laureate Fellowship to Sue O’Connor (FL120100156).
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherPergamon-Elsevier Ltd
dc.rights© 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
dc.sourceQuaternary Science Reviews
dc.subjectQuaternary
dc.subjectIsland biogeography
dc.subjectWallacea
dc.subjectBirds
dc.subjectExtinction
dc.subjectMegafauna
dc.titleFirst record of avian extinctions from the Late Pleistocene and Holocene of Timor Leste
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume203
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-11-05
dc.date.issued2018-11-23
local.identifier.absfor210102 - Archaeological Science
local.identifier.absfor210103 - Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
local.identifier.ariespublicationu3102795xPUB444
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.sciencedirect.com
local.type.statusAccepted Version
local.contributor.affiliationMeijer, Hanneke J. M., University of Bergen
local.contributor.affiliationLouys, Julien, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationO'Connor, Susan, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.description.embargo2020-11-23
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FL120100156
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage170
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage184
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.11.005
local.identifier.absseo950502 - Understanding Asia's Past
local.identifier.absseo970121 - Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
dc.date.updated2019-06-30T08:24:01Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85056864559
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access after embargo
dc.provenancehttp://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/4700..."Accepted version may be made available on institutional repository after 24 month embargo" from SHERPA/RoMEO site (as at 1/5/20).
dc.rights.licenseCC BY-NC-ND
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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