Bradbury, Roger; Lotze, Heike K.; Lenihan, Hunter S.; Bourque, Bruce J; Cooke, Richard G; Kay, Matthew C.; Kidwell, Susan M; Kirby, Michael X; Peterson, Charles H; Jackson, Jeremy B C
Estuarine and coastal transformation is as old as civilization yet has dramatically accelerated over the past 150 to 300 years. Reconstructed time lines, causes, and consequences of change in 12 once diverse and productive estuaries and coastal seas worldwide show similar patterns: Human impacts have depleted >90% of formerly important species, destroyed >65% of seagrass and wetland habitat, degraded water quality, and accelerated species invasions. Twentieth-century conservation efforts...[Show more]
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