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Sanitary improvement and mortality in Sydney, New South Wales, 1857-1906: Drinking water and dunnies as determinants

de Looper, Michael; Booth, Heather; Baffour-Awuah, Bernard

Description

Two corollaries of the rapid growth of Sydney, New South Wales, during the nineteenth century were degradation of the water supply and inadequate sanitation. Reform was slow to arrive: a new scheme began to supply clean water from 1886, while connections to the sewerage system increased gradually from less than 25% of the population in 1889 to 80% by 1906. Examination of mortality trends during 1857–1906 shows that decline began in the mid 1880s, led by falls in under-five mortality from...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorde Looper, Michael
dc.contributor.authorBooth, Heather
dc.contributor.authorBaffour-Awuah, Bernard
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-19T03:07:22Z
dc.identifier.issn1081-602X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/186365
dc.description.abstractTwo corollaries of the rapid growth of Sydney, New South Wales, during the nineteenth century were degradation of the water supply and inadequate sanitation. Reform was slow to arrive: a new scheme began to supply clean water from 1886, while connections to the sewerage system increased gradually from less than 25% of the population in 1889 to 80% by 1906. Examination of mortality trends during 1857–1906 shows that decline began in the mid 1880s, led by falls in under-five mortality from water-related communicable diseases. By 1906, the mortality differential between Sydney and the rest of New South Wales had all but disappeared. Based on statistical modelling, we conclude that the provision of a new source of clean water was the key factor in bringing about the decline in water-related mortality in Sydney. Improved sewerage coverage had less effect on mortality decline, coming as it did after the provision of clean water, although the role of sewerage infrastructure diffusion remains unknown.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis
dc.rights© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
dc.sourceThe History of the Family
dc.titleSanitary improvement and mortality in Sydney, New South Wales, 1857-1906: Drinking water and dunnies as determinants
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
dc.date.issued2018
local.identifier.absfor160301 - Family and Household Studies
local.identifier.ariespublicationu3555277xPUB353
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.routledge.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationde Looper, Michael, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBooth, Heather, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBaffour-Awuah, Bernard, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage22
local.identifier.doi10.1080/1081602X.2018.1550725
dc.date.updated2019-05-12T08:18:31Z
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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