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The Mechanics of Virtue: Lessons on Public Participation from Implementing the Water Framework Directive in the Netherlands

Van der Heijden, Jeroen; ten Heuvelhof, Ernst


Public participation is often presented as a virtue (a normative good), but the strategy comes with its own mechanical flaws. Policy debates and the literature have for a long time been dominated by this idea of public participation as a virtue, but recently the literature has become more critical, addressing the instrumental and substantive aspects of public participation. This article engages with and adds to the literature by presenting the use of public participation in implementing the...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2012
Type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Policy and Governance
DOI: 10.1002/eet.1583


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