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Madura: Great Temple ground plan, 17th cent.

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CollectionsArthur Llewellyn Basham
Title: Madura: Great Temple ground plan, 17th cent.
Author(s): Rowland, Benjamin
Photographer: Arthur Llewellyn Basham
Keywords: Nayaka Dynasty;architecture;diagrams/drawings;book scan
Series/Report no.: Basham Collection
Description: Temple precinct expanded to a city in itself, due to the corresponding enlargement of the Hindu ritual with specific reference to the spiritual and temporal aspects of the deity. Immense courtyard for crowds witnessing processions when gods, like temporal rulers would be taken from their shrines and displayed. High boundary wall with immense portals surmounted by gopuras located at cardinal points, best described as rectangular towers, concave in profile and surmounted by hull-shaped roofs of the vesara type. Immense scale of gopuras completely dwarfs the central shrine within enclosure. These immense structures are covered from top to bottom with a vast number of heavily stuccoed images of the Hindu pantheon. Mass-produced deterioration of Gupta style. Maze of covered courts and colonnades. Purpose of huge complex to stir the emotion of the devotee. The mandapas of early Dravidian style here have been expanded to vast pillared halls (more than 2000 columns at this srhine). A new element is a tank or basin for ritual ablution surrounded by a columned cloister. For all the novelty of its huge but unsystematic plan, the architecture of Madura represented only an exaggeration of already established forms rather than new Development [sic].
Other Identifiers: ANUA 682-1948


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