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Ground plan of Siva temple

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CollectionsArthur Llewellyn Basham
Title: Ground plan of Siva temple
Author(s): Rowland, Benjamin
Photographer: Arthur Llewellyn Basham
Keywords: Deccan-- Western Cave Temples-- Elephanta;architecture;diagrams/drawings;book scan
Series/Report no.: Basham Collection
Description: The last great achievement of architectural sculpture in western India is the cave temple on the island of Elephanta in the harbour of Bombay, ruthlessly desecrated by the Portuguese in the 16th cent. A stone panel with a lengthy inscription also went then, so date can only be ascribed to post 8th or 9th cent. The temple proper is a pillared hall roughly 90 feet on a side with 6 rows of 6 columns 'supporting' the roof of the cave. [An] outgrowth of such earlier plans as Bhumara in which space was provided for an interior circumambulation of the shrine. But at Elephanta the main object of worship is attached to the back of the hall, and arrangement more like Ladh Khan temple, where the shrine occupies a similar position and pradaksina is impossible. As in many cave temples, the pillars show the greatest irregularity not only in alignment but in individual details of carving
in many corners of the bases are not even true right angles [sic]. Such imperfections might be regarded as architectural accidents which add aliveness to the conception.
Other Identifiers: ANUA 682-1532


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