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The Modular SSN Ontology: A Joint W3C and OGC Standard Specifying the Semantics of Sensors, Observations, Sampling, and Actuation

Haller, Armin; Janowicz, Krzysztof; Cox, Simon Jonathan; Lefrancois, Maxime; Taylor, Kerry; Danh, Le Phuoc; Lieberman, Joshua; Garcia-Castro, Raul; Atkinson, Rob; Stadler, Claus

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The joint W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) and OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) Spatial Data on the Web (SDW) Working Group developed a set of ontologies to describe sensors, actuators, samplers as well as their observations, actuation, and sampling activities. The ontologies have been published both as a W3C recommendation and as an OGC implementation standard. The set includes a lightweight core module called SOSA (Sensor, Observation, Sampler, and Actuator) available at:...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorHaller, Armin
dc.contributor.authorJanowicz, Krzysztof
dc.contributor.authorCox, Simon Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorLefrancois, Maxime
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Kerry
dc.contributor.authorDanh, Le Phuoc
dc.contributor.authorLieberman, Joshua
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Castro, Raul
dc.contributor.authorAtkinson, Rob
dc.contributor.authorStadler, Claus
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-10T05:18:38Z
dc.identifier.issn1570-0844
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/173686
dc.description.abstractThe joint W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) and OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) Spatial Data on the Web (SDW) Working Group developed a set of ontologies to describe sensors, actuators, samplers as well as their observations, actuation, and sampling activities. The ontologies have been published both as a W3C recommendation and as an OGC implementation standard. The set includes a lightweight core module called SOSA (Sensor, Observation, Sampler, and Actuator) available at: http://www.w3.org/ns/sosa/, and a more expressive extension module called SSN (Semantic Sensor Network) available at: http://www.w3.org/ns/ssn/. Together they describe systems of sensors and actuators, observations, the used procedures, the subjects and their properties being observed or acted upon, samples and the process of sampling, and so forth. The set of ontologies adopts a modular architecture with SOSA as a self-contained core that is extended by SSN and other modules to add expressivity and breadth. The SOSA/SSN ontologies are able to support a wide range of applications and use cases, including satellite imagery, large-scale scientific monitoring, industrial and household infrastructures, social sensing, citizen science, observation-driven ontology engineering, and the Internet of Things. In this paper we give an overview of the ontologies and discuss the rationale behind key design decisions, reporting on the differences between the new SSN ontology presented here and its predecessor [Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web 17 (2012), 25–32] developed by the W3C Semantic Sensor Network Incubator group (the SSN-XG). We present usage examples and describe alignment modules that foster interoperability with other ontologies.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge partial support from NSF (award number 1540849) and CSIRO (Oznome project)
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherAkademische Verlagsgesellschaft
dc.rights© 2018 – IOS Press and the authors
dc.sourceSemantic Web
dc.titleThe Modular SSN Ontology: A Joint W3C and OGC Standard Specifying the Semantics of Sensors, Observations, Sampling, and Actuation
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume10
dc.date.issued2018
local.identifier.absfor080699 - Information Systems not elsewhere classified
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4868915xPUB168
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.iospress.nl/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationHaller, Armin, College of Business and Economics, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationJanowicz, Krzysztof, University of California
local.contributor.affiliationCox , Simon Jonathan, CSIRO
local.contributor.affiliationLefrancois, Maxime, Univ Lyon, MINES Saint-Etienne CNRS
local.contributor.affiliationTaylor, Kerry, College of Engineering and Computer Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationDanh , Le Phuoc, Open Distributed Systems, Technische Universitat
local.contributor.affiliationLieberman, Joshua, Harvard University
local.contributor.affiliationGarcia-Castro, Raul, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid
local.contributor.affiliationAtkinson, Rob, Metalinkage
local.contributor.affiliationStadler, Claus, Institut fur Informatik, Universitat Leipzig
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage23
local.identifier.doi10.3233/SW-180320
local.identifier.absseo890199 - Communication Networks and Services not elsewhere classified
dc.date.updated2019-04-21T08:31:58Z
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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