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Conflict and State Development in Ancient Tonga: The Lapaha Earth Fort

Clark, Geoffrey; Parton, Phillip; Reepmeyer, Christian; Melekiola, Nivaleti; Burley, David


Warfare is often considered as a key factor in the formation complex societies, but in the Pacific archaeological evidence for inter-group conflict during political centralization is rare. Most earthwork forts in Tonga are assumed to have been built in the nineteenth century when the traditional system of rulership collapsed, yet few forts on Tongatapu have been excavated or 14C dated. A fort in the chiefly center of the ancient Tongan state was mapped with theodolite and LiDAR, and excavated....[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2017-06-28
Type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology
DOI: 10.1080/15564894.2017.1337658


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