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The first Ironomyiidae from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber provides insights into the phylogeny of Phoroidea (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha)

Li, Xuankun; Yeates, David K.

Description

Macalpinomyia jiewenae gen. et sp.n. is described from the mid‐Cretaceous (∼99 Ma) amber of Myanmar. Macalpinomyia jiewenae is the first Oriental representative of the enigmatic family Ironomyiidae (Diptera: Phoroidea), currently known from a single extant genus restricted to southeastern Australia, plus a monotypic genus from Canadian amber and three controversial genera based on impression fossils from China, Mongolia and Russia. A phylogenetic analysis of all Phoroidea families, including...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorLi, Xuankun
dc.contributor.authorYeates, David K.
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-03T04:59:29Z
dc.identifier.issn0307-6970
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/173099
dc.description.abstractMacalpinomyia jiewenae gen. et sp.n. is described from the mid‐Cretaceous (∼99 Ma) amber of Myanmar. Macalpinomyia jiewenae is the first Oriental representative of the enigmatic family Ironomyiidae (Diptera: Phoroidea), currently known from a single extant genus restricted to southeastern Australia, plus a monotypic genus from Canadian amber and three controversial genera based on impression fossils from China, Mongolia and Russia. A phylogenetic analysis of all Phoroidea families, including all ironomyiid extant and extinct genera, corroborates the monophyly of Ironomyiidae, and Macalpinomyia gen.n. is assigned to the subfamily Sinolestinae. Cretonomyiinae subfam.n., is erected to accommodate the basal lineage of Ironomyiidae. Lebambromyia acrai Grimaldi & Cumming, previously placed in Ironomyiidae, is supported as an early branching lineage of Platypezidae. Our topology proposes that Ironomyiidae is sister to the remaining Phoroidea. The phylogenetic results, in combination with the fossil ages and relevant molecular divergence time analysis, suggests that Ironomyiidae probably originated at least in the Berriasian of the Early Cretaceous (∼140 Ma).
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the Schlinger Endowment to the ANIC.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
dc.rights© 2018 The Royal Entomological Society
dc.sourceSystematic Entomology
dc.titleThe first Ironomyiidae from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber provides insights into the phylogeny of Phoroidea (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha)
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume44
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-08-13
dc.date.issued2018-12-12
local.identifier.absfor060301 - Animal Systematics and Taxonomy
local.identifier.absfor040308 - Palaeontology (incl. Palynology)
local.identifier.ariespublicationu3102795xPUB518
local.publisher.urlhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationLi, Xuankun, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationYeates, David K., CSIRO
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage251
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage261
local.identifier.doi10.1111/syen.12329
local.identifier.absseo970106 - Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
dc.date.updated2019-04-21T08:26:18Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85058397751
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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