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Were the first Lapita colonisers of Remote Oceania farmers as well as foragers?

Pawley, Andrew

Description

Archaeological evidence indicates that the first Lapita colonisers of Remote Oceania relied heavily on foraging to sustain themselves, exploiting pristine marine and land resources. Did they also carry with them and establish a range of cultivated tubers and tree crops, as argued by Kirch (1997) and others? Noting the lack of direct evidence for horticulture in Lapita sites in this region, Anderson (2003) suggested that cultigens may not have been introduced until considerably later and then...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorPawley, Andrew
dc.contributor.editorPhillip Piper
dc.contributor.editorHirofumi Matsumura
dc.contributor.editorDavid Bulbeck
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-16T03:40:09Z
dc.date.available2019-09-16T03:40:09Z
dc.identifier.isbn9781760460945
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/169680
dc.description.abstractArchaeological evidence indicates that the first Lapita colonisers of Remote Oceania relied heavily on foraging to sustain themselves, exploiting pristine marine and land resources. Did they also carry with them and establish a range of cultivated tubers and tree crops, as argued by Kirch (1997) and others? Noting the lack of direct evidence for horticulture in Lapita sites in this region, Anderson (2003) suggested that cultigens may not have been introduced until considerably later and then in a piecemeal fashion. This paper examines several lines of evidence that bear on this debate, with particular reference to Vanuatu, Fiji and Tonga. Micro-botanical evidence from Vanuatu indicates that yams, aroids and bananas were among the cultigens introduced very early. Comparative lexical evidence suggests the same for the greater yam, Colocasia taro, two kinds of Musa bananas and the major cultivated tree crops. Archaeological evidence shows that pigs and chickens were present in the earliest sites. Divergence of pottery styles points to loss of regular contact between Lapita communities in Near and Remote Oceania and between major regions of Remote Oceania from 2800 BP onwards, within 100–200 years of first settlement. These factors favour the conclusion that most of the typical Oceanic array of cultivated plants had already been introduced before the loss of regular contact and probably in the first generation or two of settlement.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherANU Press
dc.relation.ispartofNew Perspectives in Southeast Asian and Pacific Prehistory
dc.relation.isversionof1 Edition
dc.rights© 2017 ANU Press
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleWere the first Lapita colonisers of Remote Oceania farmers as well as foragers?
dc.typeBook chapter
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
dc.date.issued2018
local.identifier.absfor200406 - Language in Time and Space (incl. Historical Linguistics, Dialectology)
local.identifier.ariespublicationu5582616xPUB11
local.publisher.urlhttps://press.anu.edu.au/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationPawley, Andrew, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage293
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage310
local.identifier.doi10.22459/TA45.03.2017
local.identifier.absseo950201 - Communication Across Languages and Culture
dc.date.updated2019-04-14T08:31:59Z
local.bibliographicCitation.placeofpublicationActon, Australia
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access via publisher website
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence
CollectionsANU Press (1965-Present)

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