Gao, Y. X.; Wang, G. M.; Williams, D. R. M.; Williams, Stephen R.; Evans, Denis J.; Sevick, E. M.
Physical systems often respond on a timescale which is longer than that of the measurement. This is particularly true in soft matter where direct experimental measurement, for example in force spectroscopy, drives the soft system out of equilibrium and provides a non-equilibrium measure. Here we demonstrate experimentally for the first time that equilibrium physical quantities (such as the mean square displacement) can be obtained from non-equilibrium measurements via umbrella sampling. Our...[Show more]
Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.