Skip navigation
Skip navigation

Risking Life and Limb: How to Discount Harms by Their Improbability

Otsuka, Michael

Description

This chapter argues that complaints against suffering harm should be discounted by the chance that someone—rather than the chances that particular individuals—would suffer harm. The case, after such discounting, for preventing the greater harm is not undermined by the mere fact of ignorance of the identity of who would suffer harm. Even when ignorance of a victim’s identity is explained by the presence of objective and indeterministic risks of harm, the presence of such risks hardly...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorOtsuka, Michael
dc.contributor.editorNorman Daniels
dc.contributor.editorNir Eyal
dc.contributor.editorCohen, I. Glenn
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-09T04:00:10Z
dc.identifier.isbn9780190217471
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/165917
dc.description.abstractThis chapter argues that complaints against suffering harm should be discounted by the chance that someone—rather than the chances that particular individuals—would suffer harm. The case, after such discounting, for preventing the greater harm is not undermined by the mere fact of ignorance of the identity of who would suffer harm. Even when ignorance of a victim’s identity is explained by the presence of objective and indeterministic risks of harm, the presence of such risks hardly undermines the case for preventing the greater harm. It fails to undermine this case even when the victim’s identity is, in principle, unknowable, because there is no fact of the matter who he would be, given the openness of counterfactuals. When, moreover, neither the number nor the identity (or identities) of wouldbe victim(s) is known, that fact does not undermine the case for preventing the greatest expected harm rather than exhibiting a preference for identified victims.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.relation.ispartofIdentified versus Statistical Lives
dc.relation.isversionof1st Edition
dc.rights© Oxford University Press 2015
dc.source.urihttps://global.oup.com/academic/product/identified-versus-statistical-lives-9780190217471?cc=au&lang=en&
dc.titleRisking Life and Limb: How to Discount Harms by Their Improbability
dc.typeBook chapter
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.description.refereedYes
dc.date.issued2015
local.identifier.absfor220319 - Social Philosophy
local.identifier.ariespublicationu5343215xPUB41
local.publisher.urlhttps://global.oup.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationOtsuka, Michael, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage77
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage93
local.identifier.doi10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217471.003.0006
local.identifier.absseo970122 - Expanding Knowledge in Philosophy and Religious Studies
dc.date.updated2019-04-14T08:29:10Z
local.bibliographicCitation.placeofpublicationNew York
CollectionsANU Research Publications

Download

File Description SizeFormat Image
Risking life and limb.pdf1.23 MBAdobe PDF    Request a copy


Items in Open Research are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Updated:  19 May 2020/ Responsible Officer:  University Librarian/ Page Contact:  Library Systems & Web Coordinator