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Vowel height and register assignment in Katuic

Gehrmann, Ryan

Description

As has been previously demonstrated in the literature on Katuic (Ferlus 1974a, Diffloth 1982, Sidwell 2005), there are languages in the Katuic language family, an Austroasiatic sub-branch, with register systems whose emergence cannot be comprehensively explained in terms of the classical model of registrogenesis (also called the Khmer model). These include the Pacoh and Ta’oi languages. In this article, I will present evidence that registrogenesis began in these languages in the prototypical...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorGehrmann, Ryan
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-16T00:13:17Z
dc.date.available2015-11-16T00:13:17Z
dc.identifier.issn1836-6821
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/16488
dc.description.abstractAs has been previously demonstrated in the literature on Katuic (Ferlus 1974a, Diffloth 1982, Sidwell 2005), there are languages in the Katuic language family, an Austroasiatic sub-branch, with register systems whose emergence cannot be comprehensively explained in terms of the classical model of registrogenesis (also called the Khmer model). These include the Pacoh and Ta’oi languages. In this article, I will present evidence that registrogenesis began in these languages in the prototypical way, but register contrast within the Proto-Katuic monophthong height series was subsequently neutralized along a particular pattern; all close vowels merged to lax register and all open vowels merged to tense register. This phenomenon is related to the restructuring of tense close vowels and lax open vowels in many register Austroasiatic languages in that tense close vowels and lax open vowels are eliminated in both cases. The origins of register development in these languages were thus obscured and subsequent vowel shifts reintroduced register contrasts that no longer correspond with proto-language initial consonant voicing. I present evidence from other Katuic languages that indicate the plausibility of these kinds of changes and, finally, I incorporate this vowel height-induced register reorganization into the classical model of registrogenesis, expanding its explanatory power to include languages that have undergone register neutralization within their vowel height series.
dc.publisherAsia-Pacific Linguistics
dc.rightsCopyright vested in the author; released under Creative Commons Attribution Licence
dc.sourceJournal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (JSEALS) 8 (2015): 56-70
dc.subjectKatuic
dc.subjectregister
dc.subjectregistrogenesis
dc.subjecthistorical phonology
dc.titleVowel height and register assignment in Katuic
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume8
dc.date.issued2015
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationGehrmann, Ryan, Graduate Linguistics Department, Payap University
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage56
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage70
CollectionsJournal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (JSEALS)
ANU Research Publications

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