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Hormonal contraceptive use and smoking as risk factors for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in unvaccinated women aged 30-44 years: A case-control study in New South Wales, Australia

Xu, Huilan; Egger, Sam; Velentzis, Louiza; O'Connell, Dianne; Banks, Emily; Darlington-Brown, Jessica; Canfell, Karen; Sitas, Freddy

Description

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines protect against HPV types 16/18, but do not eliminate the need to detect pre-cancerous lesions. Australian women vaccinated as teenage girls are now entering their mid-thirties. Since other oncogenic HPV types have been shown to be more prevalent in women ≥30 years old, understanding high grade cervical lesions in older women is still important. Hormonal contraceptives (HC) and smoking are recognised cofactors for the development of pre-malignant...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2018
Type: Journal article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1885/164336
Source: Cancer Epidemiology
DOI: 10.1016/j.canep.2018.05.013

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