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Heterogeneous effects of rural-urban migration on agricultural productivity: Evidence from China

Shi, Xinjie

Description

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of rural–urban migration on agricultural (labor) productivity in China. Design/methodology/approach This paper closely follows the framework of Rozelle et al. (1999), Taylor et al. (2003) and Atamanov and Van den Berg (2012)—new economics of labor migration—to demonstrate the heterogeneous effects of migration on agricultural productivity, using simultaneous equations extended by an interaction term of off-farm income and...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorShi, Xinjie
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-27T01:54:41Z
dc.identifier.issn1756-137X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/164246
dc.description.abstractPurpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of rural–urban migration on agricultural (labor) productivity in China. Design/methodology/approach This paper closely follows the framework of Rozelle et al. (1999), Taylor et al. (2003) and Atamanov and Van den Berg (2012)—new economics of labor migration—to demonstrate the heterogeneous effects of migration on agricultural productivity, using simultaneous equations extended by an interaction term of off-farm income and household wealth. Findings The results empirically verify two key theoretical predictions: the loss of labor available for agricultural activities decreases rice yield per worker per day, and the off-farm income that may relax liquidity constraints has a positive offsetting effect, which becomes weaker with increasing household wealth. The final calculation based on these two contradictory influences indicates that the lost-labor effect dominates across all levels of household wealth, resulting in a negative net impact of rural–urban migration on agricultural productivity. The key results are shown to hold for land productivity as well. Originality/value To the best of the author’s knowledge, it is the first paper to examine the impacts of rural–urban migration on labor productivity and the heterogeneity across households with different levels of wealth. A major policy issue facing national leaders is whether the massive and ongoing outflow of labor will be a threat to China’s rural development and its food security in the future. This paper provides insightful ideas in a different way.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherEmerald Group Publishing Limited
dc.rights© Emerald Publishing Limited
dc.sourceChina Agricultural Economic Review
dc.titleHeterogeneous effects of rural-urban migration on agricultural productivity: Evidence from China
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume10
dc.date.issued2018
local.identifier.absfor140211 - Labour Economics
local.identifier.absfor140201 - Agricultural Economics
local.identifier.ariespublicationu5557297xPUB354
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.emeraldinsight.com/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationShi, Xinjie, College of Asia and the Pacific, ANU
local.description.embargo2037-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue3
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage1
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage17
local.identifier.doi10.1108/CAER-10-2017-0193
local.identifier.absseo910208 - Micro Labour Market Issues
local.identifier.absseo910210 - Production
dc.date.updated2019-08-11T08:18:05Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85049693449
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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