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Nalanda: Stupa at site No. 111

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CollectionsArthur Llewellyn Basham
Title: Nalanda: Stupa at site No. 111
Author(s): Rowland, Benjamin
Keywords: Gupta Period
book scan
Series/Report no.: Basham Collection
Description: Style that is continuation of Gupta arch, forms, The building rests on a podium, The elevation of the base consists of two storeys, the first filled with Buddhas and Bodhisattvas in niches separated by columns derived from the Gupta order, the second zone is decorated with chaitya arches framing smaller images, Above this is an attic storey separated into two levels by projecting roll cornices, The drum of the stupa is octagonal, with its faces alternately plain and decorated with Buddha statues in niches, The whole is surmounted by a saucer-like dome, The treatment of the facade is not unlike that of the Mahabodhi temple as we see it today, The style of the figure sculpture in stucco at Nalanda is a dry repetition of the Gupta statuary of Sarnath, as may be seen by comparing the statue in the topmost niche with the famous preaching Buddha, Since these statues are so much in the style of early Mahayana imagery before the development of Tantric forms, this structure and its decoration may be dated as early as the 7th cent. It seems likely that the vihara described by Hsuan-tsang was only a larger version of this same type of monument,
Other Identifiers: ANUA 682-883


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