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Yaksha, 3rd Century B.C. from Patna, Calcutta, Indian Museum

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CollectionsArthur Llewellyn Basham
Title: Yaksha, 3rd Century B.C. from Patna, Calcutta, Indian Museum
Author(s): Photographer: Basham, Arthur Llewellyn
Keywords: Mauryan Period: Ancient India
stone sculpture
mounted transparency set
Series/Report no.: Basham Collection
Description: Folk art also undergoes a vital transition during the Maurya Period, Yaksha and Yakshi figures, familiar to the common folk as benevolent cult images, begin to be translated into monumental stone statues carved in the round, Characteristic features of the Yaksha include special garments and jewelry such as turbans, sashes thrown across the chest or shoulders, low-tied girdles, earrings, bracelets, necklaces, anklets, belts, and ribbons, There is also a tendency to depict the figure with a protruding pot-belly, No direct stylistic links tie Yakshas to preceding traditional forms, Indeed, Yaksha cults have existed since the Indus Valley civilization, and small terra-cotta figurines representing the gods have come down to us from that period, however, in such substantial roles the Yakshas never appeared, nor were their physical types canonized before this, The most dominant characteristic seems to be that Yakshas enjoyed country-side dispersal and began o appear at about the same time when Maurya art was carving in stone almost exclusively,
Other Identifiers: ANUA 682-183


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