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The global geography of human subsistence

Gavin, Michael C; Kavanagh, PH; Haynie, HJ; Bowern, Claire; Ember, Carol R; Gray, Russell; Jordan, Fiona M.; Kirby, Kathryn R; Kushnick, Geoff; Low, Bobbi S; Vilela, Bruno; Botero, Carlos A.

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How humans obtain food has dramatically reshaped ecosystems and altered both the trajectory of human history and the characteristics of human societies. Our species' subsistence varies widely, from predominantly foraging strategies, to plantbased agriculture and animal husbandry. The extent to which environmental, social and historical factors have driven such variation is currently unclear. Prior attempts to resolve longstanding debates on this topic have been hampered by an over-reliance on...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorGavin, Michael C
dc.contributor.authorKavanagh, PH
dc.contributor.authorHaynie, HJ
dc.contributor.authorBowern, Claire
dc.contributor.authorEmber, Carol R
dc.contributor.authorGray, Russell
dc.contributor.authorJordan, Fiona M.
dc.contributor.authorKirby, Kathryn R
dc.contributor.authorKushnick, Geoff
dc.contributor.authorLow, Bobbi S
dc.contributor.authorVilela, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorBotero, Carlos A.
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-15T11:38:04Z
dc.date.available2019-04-15T11:38:04Z
dc.identifier.issn2054-5703
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/159673
dc.description.abstractHow humans obtain food has dramatically reshaped ecosystems and altered both the trajectory of human history and the characteristics of human societies. Our species' subsistence varies widely, from predominantly foraging strategies, to plantbased agriculture and animal husbandry. The extent to which environmental, social and historical factors have driven such variation is currently unclear. Prior attempts to resolve longstanding debates on this topic have been hampered by an over-reliance on narrative arguments, small and geographically narrow samples, and by contradictory findings. Here we overcome these methodological limitations by applying multimodel inference tools developed in biogeography to a global dataset (818 societies). Although some have argued that unique conditions and events determine each society's particular subsistence strategy, we find strong support for a general global pattern in which a limited set of environmental, social and historical factors predicts an essential characteristic of all human groups: How we obtain our food.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherThe Royal Society Publishing
dc.rights2018 The Authors
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceRoyal Society Open Science
dc.titleThe global geography of human subsistence
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume5
dc.date.issued2018
local.identifier.absfor160104 - Social and Cultural Anthropology
local.identifier.absfor160102 - Biological (Physical) Anthropology
local.identifier.absfor060201 - Behavioural Ecology
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4485658xPUB1320
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationGavin, Michael C, Colorado State University
local.contributor.affiliationKavanagh, PH, Colorado State University
local.contributor.affiliationHaynie, HJ, Colorado State University
local.contributor.affiliationBowern, Claire, Yale University
local.contributor.affiliationEmber, Carol R, Yale University
local.contributor.affiliationGray, Russell, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationJordan, Fiona M., University of Bristol
local.contributor.affiliationKirby, Kathryn R, University of Toronto
local.contributor.affiliationKushnick, Geoff, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationLow, Bobbi S, University of Michigan
local.contributor.affiliationVilela, Bruno, Washington University
local.contributor.affiliationBotero, Carlos A., Washington University in St Louis
local.bibliographicCitation.issue9
local.identifier.doi10.1098/rsos.171897
dc.date.updated2019-03-12T07:28:34Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85054469662
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenanceJournal: Royal Society Open Science (ESSN: 2054-5703) RoMEO: This is a RoMEO green journal Listed in: DOAJ as an open access journal Author's Pre-print: green tick author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) Author's Post-print: green tick author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) Publisher's Version/PDF: green tick author can archive publisher's version/PDF General Conditions: May post pre-print on preprint servers or websites Publisher's version/PDF may be used Published source must be acknowledged Creative Commons Attribution License
dc.rights.licenseCreative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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