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Do people have insight into their face recognition abilities?

Palermo, Romina; Rossion, Bruno; Rhodes, Gillian; Laguesse, Renaud; Tez, Tolga; Hall, Bronwyn; Albonico, Andrea; Malaspina, Manuela; Daini, Roberta; Irons, Jessica; Al-Janabi, Shahd; Taylor, Libby C.; Rivolta, Davide; McKone, Elinor

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Diagnosis of developmental or congenital prosopagnosia (CP) involves self-report of everyday face recognition difficulties, which are corroborated with poor performance on behavioural tests. This approach requires accurate self-evaluation. We examine the extent to which typical adults have insight into their face recognition abilities across four experiments involving nearly 300 participants. The experiments used five tests of face recognition ability: two that tap into the ability to learn and...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorPalermo, Romina
dc.contributor.authorRossion, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorRhodes, Gillian
dc.contributor.authorLaguesse, Renaud
dc.contributor.authorTez, Tolga
dc.contributor.authorHall, Bronwyn
dc.contributor.authorAlbonico, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorMalaspina, Manuela
dc.contributor.authorDaini, Roberta
dc.contributor.authorIrons, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorAl-Janabi, Shahd
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Libby C.
dc.contributor.authorRivolta, Davide
dc.contributor.authorMcKone, Elinor
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-13T05:03:30Z
dc.identifier.issn1747-0218
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/159563
dc.description.abstractDiagnosis of developmental or congenital prosopagnosia (CP) involves self-report of everyday face recognition difficulties, which are corroborated with poor performance on behavioural tests. This approach requires accurate self-evaluation. We examine the extent to which typical adults have insight into their face recognition abilities across four experiments involving nearly 300 participants. The experiments used five tests of face recognition ability: two that tap into the ability to learn and recognize previously unfamiliar faces [the Cambridge Face Memory Test, CFMT; Duchaine, B., & Nakayama, K. (2006). The Cambridge Face Memory Test: Results for neurologically intact individuals and an investigation of its validity using inverted face stimuli and prosopagnosic participants. Neuropsychologia, 44(4), 576–585. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2005.07.001 and a newly devised test based on the CFMT but where the study phases involve watching short movies rather than viewing static faces—the CFMT-Films] and three that tap face matching [Benton Facial Recognition Test, BFRT; Benton, A., Sivan, A., Hamsher, K., Varney, N., & Spreen, O. (1983). Contribution to neuropsychological assessment. New York: Oxford University Press; and two recently devised sequential face matching tests]. Self-reported ability was measured with the 15-item Kennerknecht et al. questionnaire [Kennerknecht, I., Ho, N. Y., & Wong, V. C. (2008). Prevalence of hereditary prosopagnosia (HPA) in Hong Kong Chinese population. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A, 146A(22), 2863–2870. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.32552]; two single-item questions assessing face recognition ability; and a new 77-item meta-cognition questionnaire. Overall, we find that adults with typical face recognition abilities have only modest insight into their ability to recognize faces on behavioural tests. In a fifth experiment, we assess self-reported face recognition ability in people with CP and find that some people who expect to perform poorly on behavioural tests of face recognition do indeed perform poorly. However, it is not yet clear whether individuals within this group of poor performers have greater levels of insight (i.e., into their degree of impairment) than those with more typical levels of performance. © 2016 The Experimental Psychology Society
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Cognition and its Disorders [grant number CE110001021] (http://www.ccd.edu.au); an ARC Discovery Project grant to R.P. and E.M. [grant number DP110100850]; an ARC Queen Elizabeth II Fellowship to E.M. [grant number DP0984558]; an ARC Professorial Fellowship to G.R. [grant number DP0877379]; an ARC Discovery Outstanding Researcher Award to G.R. [grant number DP130102300]; and a European Research Council (ERC) grant to B.R. [grant number facessvep 284025].
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherParapsychology Press
dc.rights© 2016 The Experimental Psychology Society
dc.sourceQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
dc.subjectFace perception
dc.subjectSelfevaluation
dc.subjectProsopagnosia
dc.subjectIndividual differences
dc.subjectMetacognition
dc.subjectAccuracy
dc.titleDo people have insight into their face recognition abilities?
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume70
dc.date.issued2017
local.identifier.absfor220312 - Philosophy of Cognition
local.identifier.absfor170112 - Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
local.identifier.absfor110900 - NEUROSCIENCES
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3488905xPUB11974
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationPalermo, Romina, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationRossion, Bruno, Universite Catholique de Louvain
local.contributor.affiliationRhodes, Gillian, University of Western Australia
local.contributor.affiliationLaguesse, Renaud, Universite Catholique de Louvain
local.contributor.affiliationTez, Tolga, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHall, Bronwyn, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAlbonico, Andrea, Universita degli Studi di Milano
local.contributor.affiliationMalaspina, Manuela, Universita degli Studi di Milano
local.contributor.affiliationDaini, Roberta, Universita degli Studi di Milano
local.contributor.affiliationIrons, Jessica, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationAl-Janabi, Shahd, Macquarie University
local.contributor.affiliationTaylor, Libby C., Univesity of Western Australia
local.contributor.affiliationRivolta, Davide, Macquarie University
local.contributor.affiliationMcKone, Elinor, College of Health and Medicine, ANU
local.description.embargo2099-12-31
local.bibliographicCitation.issue2
local.identifier.doi10.1080/17470218.2016.1161058
local.identifier.absseo920401 - Behaviour and Health
dc.date.updated2019-03-12T07:25:36Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84961390467
local.identifier.thomsonID000389232600003
dc.relation.urihttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110100850
dc.relation.urihttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP0984558
dc.relation.urihttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP0877379
dc.relation.urihttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP130102300
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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