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Visualising scales of process: Multi-scalar geoarchaeological investigations of microstratigraphy and diagenesis at hominin bearing sites in South African karst

Edwards, Tara; Grono, Elle; Herries, Andy I R; Brink, Frank; Troitzsch, Ulrike; Senden, Timothy; Turner, Michael; Barron, Aleese; Prossor, Lauren; Denham, Timothy

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Multi-scalar geoarchaeological investigations were conducted on several samples of sediment (dolomite cave sediments, ferricrete ridge, speleothem, tufa and tufa cave sediments) from four early hominin fossil-bearing sites (Taung Type Site, Haasgat, Drimolen Main Quarry, Elandsfontein) in different South African karst environments. The study was designed to test the value of geoarchaeological techniques for identifying and characterising environments of deposition and diagenetic processes...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorEdwards, Tara
dc.contributor.authorGrono, Elle
dc.contributor.authorHerries, Andy I R
dc.contributor.authorBrink, Frank
dc.contributor.authorTroitzsch, Ulrike
dc.contributor.authorSenden, Timothy
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Michael
dc.contributor.authorBarron, Aleese
dc.contributor.authorProssor, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorDenham, Timothy
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-08T02:06:54Z
dc.date.available2019-04-08T02:06:54Z
dc.identifier.issn0305-4403
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/159291
dc.description.abstractMulti-scalar geoarchaeological investigations were conducted on several samples of sediment (dolomite cave sediments, ferricrete ridge, speleothem, tufa and tufa cave sediments) from four early hominin fossil-bearing sites (Taung Type Site, Haasgat, Drimolen Main Quarry, Elandsfontein) in different South African karst environments. The study was designed to test the value of geoarchaeological techniques for identifying and characterising environments of deposition and diagenetic processes involved in site formation within different mediums and different karst environments. The traditional petrographic method is weighed against two relatively new methodological contributions to site formation and diagenesis: Computed Tomography (CT) and automated Quantitative Evaluation of Minerals using Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (QEM-EDS), employing QEMSCAN® technology. An integrated micro-sampling approach is outlined for successful cross-correlation between techniques. The study demonstrates that different analyses vary in their ability to visualise different types of process – primary and secondary. Thin section petrography remains the ‘gold standard’ for analyses conducted at the micro-scale, while QEM-EDS and CT offer exciting potential to perform meso-scale analyses and are best utilised as complementary rather than alternative techniques to petrography
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.sourceJournal of Archaeological Science
dc.titleVisualising scales of process: Multi-scalar geoarchaeological investigations of microstratigraphy and diagenesis at hominin bearing sites in South African karst
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume83
dc.date.issued2017
local.identifier.absfor040306 - Mineralogy and Crystallography
local.identifier.ariespublicationa383154xPUB6502
local.type.statusMetadata only
local.contributor.affiliationEdwards, Tara, La Trobe University
local.contributor.affiliationGrono, Elle, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationHerries, Andy I R, La Trobe University
local.contributor.affiliationBrink, Frank, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationTroitzsch, Ulrike, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationSenden, Timothy , College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationTurner, Michael, College of Science, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationBarron, Aleese, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationProssor, Lauren, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.contributor.affiliationDenham, Timothy, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jas.2017.05.007
local.identifier.absseo970121 - Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
dc.date.updated2019-05-19T08:19:39Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-85019629592
local.identifier.thomsonID000405155800001
dc.provenanceJournal: Journal of Archaeological Science (ISSN: 0305-4403, ESSN: 1095-9238) RoMEO: This is a RoMEO green journal Paid OA: A paid open access option is available for this journal. Author's Pre-print: green tick author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) Author's Post-print: green tick author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) Publisher's Version/PDF: cross author cannot archive publisher's version/PDF
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