The upper Manganese doping limit and its effects on physical properties of lead-free Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 ceramics
The lead-free piezoelectric, Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3, was synthesized with varying amounts of Manganese (Mn) doping (x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15) on the B-site to replace Ti4+ cations. Herein, the doping limit of Mn is explored along with its effects on the structure and properties of these materials. The temperature-dependent dielectric properties of the materials with a higher manganese doping level have also been comprehensively investigated in the temperature range of 10–700 K. All samples show...[Show more]
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