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Craniometrics Reveal “Two Layers” of Prehistoric Human Dispersal in Eastern Eurasia

Matsumura, Hirofumi; Hung, Hsiao-chun; Higham, Charles; Zhang, Chi; Yamagata, Mariko; Nguyen, Lan Cuong; Li, Zhen; Fan, Xue-chun; Simanjuntak, Truman; Oktaviana, Adhi Agus; He, Jia-ning; Chen, Chung-yu; Pan, Chien-kuo; He, Gang; Sun, Guo-ping; Huang, Wei-jin; Li, Xin-wei; Wei, Xing-tao; Domett, Kate; Halcrow, Siân; Nguyen, Kim Dung; Trinh, Hoang Hiep; Bui, Chi Hoang; Nguyen, Khanh Trung Kien; Reinecke, Andreas

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This cranio-morphometric study emphasizes a “two-layer model” for eastern Eurasian anatomically modern human (AMH) populations, based on large datasets of 89 population samples including fndings directly from ancient archaeological contexts. Results suggest that an initial “frst layer” of AMH had related closely to ancestral Andaman, Australian, Papuan, and Jomon groups who likely entered this region via the Southeast Asian landmass, prior to 65–50kya. A later “second layer” shared...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorMatsumura, Hirofumi
dc.contributor.authorHung, Hsiao-chun
dc.contributor.authorHigham, Charles
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Chi
dc.contributor.authorYamagata, Mariko
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Lan Cuong
dc.contributor.authorLi, Zhen
dc.contributor.authorFan, Xue-chun
dc.contributor.authorSimanjuntak, Truman
dc.contributor.authorOktaviana, Adhi Agus
dc.contributor.authorHe, Jia-ning
dc.contributor.authorChen, Chung-yu
dc.contributor.authorPan, Chien-kuo
dc.contributor.authorHe, Gang
dc.contributor.authorSun, Guo-ping
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Wei-jin
dc.contributor.authorLi, Xin-wei
dc.contributor.authorWei, Xing-tao
dc.contributor.authorDomett, Kate
dc.contributor.authorHalcrow, Siân
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Kim Dung
dc.contributor.authorTrinh, Hoang Hiep
dc.contributor.authorBui, Chi Hoang
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Khanh Trung Kien
dc.contributor.authorReinecke, Andreas
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-22T00:44:45Z
dc.date.available2019-02-22T00:44:45Z
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/156483
dc.description.abstractThis cranio-morphometric study emphasizes a “two-layer model” for eastern Eurasian anatomically modern human (AMH) populations, based on large datasets of 89 population samples including fndings directly from ancient archaeological contexts. Results suggest that an initial “frst layer” of AMH had related closely to ancestral Andaman, Australian, Papuan, and Jomon groups who likely entered this region via the Southeast Asian landmass, prior to 65–50kya. A later “second layer” shared strong cranial afnities with Siberians, implying a Northeast Asian source, evidenced by 9kya in central China and then followed by expansions of descendant groups into Southeast Asia after 4kya. These two populations shared limited initial exchange, and the second layer grew at a faster rate and in greater numbers, linked with contexts of farming that may have supported increased population densities. Clear dichotomization between the two layers implies a temporally deep divergence of distinct migration routes for AMH through both southern and northern Eurasia.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported in part by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JPS 16H02527) and the Australian Research Council (DP 110101097 and 150104458).
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group UK
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2019
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceScientific Reports
dc.titleCraniometrics Reveal “Two Layers” of Prehistoric Human Dispersal in Eastern Eurasia
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from Springer Nature
local.identifier.citationvolume9
dc.date.issued2019-02-05
local.identifier.ariespublicationu5786633xPUB174
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationMatsumura, Hirofumi, School of Health Science, Sapporo Medical University
local.contributor.affiliationHung, Hsiao-chun, Department of Archaeology and Natural History, Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationHigham, Charles, Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, University of Otago
local.contributor.affiliationZhang, Chi, School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University
local.contributor.affiliationYamagata, Mariko, Department of Management, Okayama University of Science
local.contributor.affiliationNguyen, Lan Cuong, Institute of Archaeology, Vietnam Academy of Social Science
local.contributor.affiliationLi, Zhen, Guangxi Institute of Cultural Relic Protection and Archaeology
local.contributor.affiliationFan, Xue-chun, Fujian Museum
local.contributor.affiliationSimanjuntak, Truman, Center for Austronesian Study
local.contributor.affiliationOktaviana, Adhi Agus, The National Research Center for Archaeology
local.contributor.affiliationHe, Jia-ning, School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University
local.contributor.affiliationChen, Chung-yu, Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica
local.contributor.affiliationPan, Chien-kuo, Matzu Folk Culture Museum
local.contributor.affiliationHe, Gang, Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology of Hunan
local.contributor.affiliationSun, Guo-ping, Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology of Zhejiang
local.contributor.affiliationHuang, Wei-jin, Hemudu Site Museum
local.contributor.affiliationLi, Xin-wei, Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Science
local.contributor.affiliationWei, Xing-tao, Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Heritage and Archaeology
local.contributor.affiliationDomett, Kate, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University
local.contributor.affiliationHalcrow, Siân, Department of Anatomy, University of Otago
local.contributor.affiliationNguyen, Kim Dung, Institute of Archaeology, Vietnam Academy of Social Science
local.contributor.affiliationTrinh, Hoang Hiep, Institute of Archaeology, Vietnam Academy of Social Science
local.contributor.affiliationBui, Chi Hoang, Southern Institute of Social Sciences, Vietnam Academy of Social Science
local.contributor.affiliationNguyen, Khanh Trung Kien, Southern Institute of Social Sciences, Vietnam Academy of Social Science
local.contributor.affiliationReinecke, Andreas, Commission for the Archaeology of Noneuropean Cultures of the German Archaeological Institute
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110101097
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP150104458
local.bibliographicCitation.issue1
local.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-018-35426-z
dc.date.updated2019-02-10T09:05:39Z
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.rights.licenseThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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