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Shape does matter: A geometric morphometric approach to shape variation in Indo-Pacific fish vertebrae for habitat identification

Samper Carro, Sofia Cristina; Louys, Julien; O'Connor, Sue

Description

Traditional fish vertebrae identification relies on the availability of comprehensive reference collections that include every element from the neural spine for each taxon. In regions with great taxonomic diversity, such as the Indo-Pacific, the identification of fish vertebrae to species is difficult. This results in taxonomic lists with many skeletal elements identified only to family. However family level identifications often tell us little about the environmental preferences of the fish...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSamper Carro, Sofia Cristina
dc.contributor.authorLouys, Julien
dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, Sue
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-21T03:34:38Z
dc.identifier.issn0305-4403
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/156456
dc.description.abstractTraditional fish vertebrae identification relies on the availability of comprehensive reference collections that include every element from the neural spine for each taxon. In regions with great taxonomic diversity, such as the Indo-Pacific, the identification of fish vertebrae to species is difficult. This results in taxonomic lists with many skeletal elements identified only to family. However family level identifications often tell us little about the environmental preferences of the fish and thus, by inference, human fishing practices. Here we apply geometric morphometrics (GM) to examine shape variations within vertebrae in modern specimens of a variety of pelagic and reef species to determine if this method can be used to reliably inform on habitat preferences. Digitized vertebral elements of reef (Acanthuridae, Balistidae, Labridae, Lethrinidae, Lutjanidae and Serranidae) and pelagic/open water (Scombridae and Carangidae) families were scored using 2D landmarks. These were subjected to Generalized Procrustes Analysis and discriminatory multivariate analyses (Linear Discriminant Analysis and Discriminant Function Analysis) in order to assess whether shape can be used to differentiate habitats. Our results suggest that geometric morphometrics do allow the differentiation of habitat in vertebrae and provide an alternative method for the classification of archaeological fish assemblages. These analyses were applied to a sample of archaeological fish remains from a site in Alor Island (Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia) and compared with the results of an earlier traditional comparative icthyoarchaeological analysis. We found that the main component of the Pleistocene marine human diet comprised reef species, with the sporadic addition of open water species, supporting the pattern recorded with traditional analyses. This methodology could be widely applied to archaeological fish material from across the Indo-Pacific allowing a greater number of bones in assemblages to contribute to insights into human exploitation of coastal habitats and fishing techniques over time.
dc.description.sponsorshipProject was funded by the Australian Research Council (ARC) grant FL120100156 to O'Connor. The Indonesia government granted the permission (RISTEK Foreign Research Permit (O'Connor1304)/FRP/SM/V/2014) to do our research.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rights� 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.sourceJournal of Archaeological Science
dc.subjectGeometric morphometrics; Fish habitat; Wallacea; Zooarchaeology; Icthyoarchaeology; Vertebrae
dc.titleShape does matter: A geometric morphometric approach to shape variation in Indo-Pacific fish vertebrae for habitat identification
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume99
dc.date.issued2018-10-02
local.type.statusAccepted Version
local.contributor.affiliationSchool of Archaeology and Anthropology, College of Arts and Social Sciences, Australian National University
local.description.embargo2021-10-02
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FL120100156
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage124
local.bibliographicCitation.startpage124
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpage134
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jas.2018.09.010
dc.provenanceElsevier requires authors posting their accepted manuscript to attach a non-commercial Creative Commons user license (CC-BY-NC-ND). http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/lightbox_attach-a-user-license (Publisher journal website 6/2/2019)
dc.rights.licenseLicensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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