Hip fracture risk in relation to vitamin D : quantifying the different types of evidence
Background: Hip fractures cause significant morbidity and mortality and are often associated with bone demineralisation. Vitamin D plays an essential role in bone mineralisation. The evidence of a benefit of vitamin D supplementation for the prevention of hip fractures is apparently conflicting. While observational studies generally show a strong association between low vitamin D status (usually measured as the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 25(OH)D) and increased risk of hip...[Show more]
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