Gai, Xin; Choi, Duk-Yong; Madden, Steve; Luther-Davies, Barry
In this chapter we summarize progress in materials and structures for all-optical signal processing that employ either the second or third order optical nonlinearity. Three-wave mixing and cascading in periodically-poled lithium niobate waveguides dominates signal processing in second order materials. In the case of third-order nonlinearities, four wave mixing is the dominant physical process but here the range of materials that have been employed is wider and ranges from glasses to both active...[Show more]
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