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Early cave art and ancient DNA record the origin of European bison

Soubrier, Julien; Gower, Graham; Chen, Kefei; Richards, Stephen M; Llamas, Bastien; Mitchell, Kieren J.; Ho, Simon; Kosintsev, Pavel; Lee, Michael S.Y.; Baryshnikov, Gennady; Bollongino, Ruth; Groves, Colin

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The two living species of bison (European and American) are among the few terrestrial megafauna to have survived the late Pleistocene extinctions. Despite the extensive bovid fossil record in Eurasia, the evolutionary history of the European bison (or wisent, Bison bonasus) before the Holocene (<11.7 thousand years ago (kya)) remains a mystery. We use complete ancient mitochondrial genomes and genome-wide nuclear DNA surveys to reveal that the wisent is the product of hybridization between the...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorSoubrier, Julien
dc.contributor.authorGower, Graham
dc.contributor.authorChen, Kefei
dc.contributor.authorRichards, Stephen M
dc.contributor.authorLlamas, Bastien
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, Kieren J.
dc.contributor.authorHo, Simon
dc.contributor.authorKosintsev, Pavel
dc.contributor.authorLee, Michael S.Y.
dc.contributor.authorBaryshnikov, Gennady
dc.contributor.authorBollongino, Ruth
dc.contributor.authorGroves, Colin
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-29T22:56:32Z
dc.date.available2018-11-29T22:56:32Z
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/153551
dc.description.abstractThe two living species of bison (European and American) are among the few terrestrial megafauna to have survived the late Pleistocene extinctions. Despite the extensive bovid fossil record in Eurasia, the evolutionary history of the European bison (or wisent, Bison bonasus) before the Holocene (<11.7 thousand years ago (kya)) remains a mystery. We use complete ancient mitochondrial genomes and genome-wide nuclear DNA surveys to reveal that the wisent is the product of hybridization between the extinct steppe bison (Bison priscus) and ancestors of modern cattle (aurochs, Bos primigenius) before 120 kya, and contains up to 10% aurochs genomic ancestry. Although undetected within the fossil record, ancestors of the wisent have alternated ecological dominance with steppe bison in association with major environmental shifts since at least 55 kya. Early cave artists recorded distinct morphological forms consistent with these replacement events, around the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, ∼21–18 kya).
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.publisherMacmillan Publishers Ltd
dc.sourceNature Communications
dc.titleEarly cave art and ancient DNA record the origin of European bison
dc.typeJournal article
local.description.notesImported from ARIES
local.identifier.citationvolume7
dc.date.issued2016
local.identifier.absfor060101 - Analytical Biochemistry
local.identifier.absfor210105 - Archaeology of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Levant
local.identifier.absfor060301 - Animal Systematics and Taxonomy
local.identifier.ariespublicationU3488905xPUB25010
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationSoubrier, Julien, University of Adelaide
local.contributor.affiliationGower, Graham, University of Adelaide
local.contributor.affiliationChen, Kefei, University of Adelaide
local.contributor.affiliationRichards, Stephen M, University of Adelaide
local.contributor.affiliationLlamas, Bastien, University of Adelaide
local.contributor.affiliationMitchell, Kieren J., University of Adelaide
local.contributor.affiliationHo, Simon, University of Sydney
local.contributor.affiliationKosintsev, Pavel, Urals Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
local.contributor.affiliationLee, Michael S.Y., Flinders University
local.contributor.affiliationBaryshnikov, Gennady, Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya
local.contributor.affiliationBollongino, Ruth, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
local.contributor.affiliationGroves, Colin, College of Arts and Social Sciences, ANU
local.identifier.doi10.1038/ncomms13158
dc.date.updated2018-11-29T08:12:52Z
local.identifier.scopusID2-s2.0-84993981341
local.identifier.thomsonID000385537900001
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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