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Ablation of solids by femtosecond lasers: ablation mechanism and ablation thresholds for metals and dielectrics

Gamaly, Eugene G; Rode, A. V.; Tikhonchuk, V. T.; Luther-Davies, B.


The mechanism of ablation of solids by intense femtosecond laser pulses is described in an explicit analytical form. It is shown that at high intensities when the ionization of the target material is complete before the end of the pulse, the ablation mechanism is the same for both metals and dielectrics. The physics of this new ablation regime involves ion acceleration in the electrostatic field caused by charge separation created by energetic electrons escaping from the target. The...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2002-03
Type: Journal article
Source: Physics of Plasmas
DOI: 10.1063/1.1447555


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