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Tests of predictions associated with temporal changes in Australian bird populations.

Lane, Peter; Westgate, Martin; Scheele, Ben C.; Foster, Claire; Sato, Chloe; Ikin, Karen; Crane, Mason; Michael, Damian; Florance, Dan; Barton, Philip; O'Loughlin, Luke S.; Robinson, Natasha; Lindenmayer, David B

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Global biodiversity loss is the cumulative result of local species declines. To combat biodiversity loss, detailed information on the temporal trends of at-risk species at local scales is needed. Here we report the results of a 13-year study of temporal change in bird occupancy in one of the most heavily modified biomes worldwide; the temperate woodlands of south-eastern Australia. We sought to determine if temporal changes in bird species were different between three broad native vegetation...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorLane, Peter
dc.contributor.authorWestgate, Martin
dc.contributor.authorScheele, Ben C.
dc.contributor.authorFoster, Claire
dc.contributor.authorSato, Chloe
dc.contributor.authorIkin, Karen
dc.contributor.authorCrane, Mason
dc.contributor.authorMichael, Damian
dc.contributor.authorFlorance, Dan
dc.contributor.authorBarton, Philip
dc.contributor.authorO'Loughlin, Luke S.
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Natasha
dc.contributor.authorLindenmayer, David B
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-22T03:44:41Z
dc.date.available2018-11-22T03:44:41Z
dc.identifier.citationLindenmayer, D.B., Lane, P., Westgate, M., Scheele, B.C., Foster, C., Sato, C., Ikin, K., Crane, M., Michael, D., Florance, D., Barton, P., O’Loughlin, L.S. and Robinson, N. (2018). Tests of predictions associated with temporal changes in Australian bird populations. Biological Conservation, 222, 212-221.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/151818
dc.description.abstractGlobal biodiversity loss is the cumulative result of local species declines. To combat biodiversity loss, detailed information on the temporal trends of at-risk species at local scales is needed. Here we report the results of a 13-year study of temporal change in bird occupancy in one of the most heavily modified biomes worldwide; the temperate woodlands of south-eastern Australia. We sought to determine if temporal changes in bird species were different between three broad native vegetation types (old-growth woodland, regrowth woodland and restoration plantings) and between species traits (body size, migratory status, rarity, woodland dependency, or diet). We found evidence of decline for over a quarter of all bird species for which we had sufficient data for detailed analysis (30 out of 108 species). In contrast, only 14 species increased significantly. Temporal change of birds was linked to life-history attributes, with patterns often being habitat-dependent. Nectarivores and large-bodied birds declined across all vegetation types, whereas small-bodied species increased, particularly in restoration plantings. Contrasting with patterns documented elsewhere, resident but not migratory species declined, with this trend strongest in restoration plantings. Finally, our analyses showed that, as a group, common birds tended to decline whereas rare birds tended to increase, with effects for both most pronounced in restoration plantings. Our results highlight the benefit of targeted restoration planting for some species, but also demonstrate that many common species that have long-persisted in human-dominated landscapes are experiencing severe declines.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe first author is the recipient of an Australian Research Council (ARC) Australian Laureate funded by the Australian Government. We thank the ARC, Ian Potter Foundation, The Vincent Fairfax Family Foundation, Murray Local Land Services, Riverina Local Land Services, and the New South Wales Environmental Trust for funding that allowed this study to be completed.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.sourceBiological Conservation
dc.subjectWoodland birds, south-eastern Australia, time-series data, life-history traits, species declines and increases, conservation
dc.titleTests of predictions associated with temporal changes in Australian bird populations.
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderElsevier
local.identifier.citationvolume222
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-04-05
dc.date.issued2018-04-19
local.publisher.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.04.007
local.type.statusAccepted Version
local.contributor.affiliationFenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University
local.bibliographicCitation.issue212-221
local.identifier.doi10.1016/j.biocon.2018.04.007
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenancehttp://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0006-3207/..."Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of 24 months" from SHERPA/RoMEO site (as at 23/10/18). This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.rights.licenseAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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