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Experimental study of the quasifission, fusion-fission, and de-excitation of Cf compound nuclei

Khuyagbaatar, J.; Hinde, David; Carter, I. P.; Dasgupta, M.; Düllmann, Ch. E.; Evers, M.; Luong, D. H.; du Rietz, R.; Wakhle, A.; Williams, E.; Yakushev, A.

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Background: The fusion-evaporation reaction at energies around the Coulomb barrier is presently the only way to produce the heaviest elements. However, formation of evaporation residues is strongly hindered due to the competing fusion-fission and quasifission processes. Presently, a full understanding of these processes and their relationships has not been reached. Purpose: This work aims to use new fission measurements and existing evaporation residue and fission excitation function data...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorKhuyagbaatar, J.
dc.contributor.authorHinde, David
dc.contributor.authorCarter, I. P.
dc.contributor.authorDasgupta, M.
dc.contributor.authorDüllmann, Ch. E.
dc.contributor.authorEvers, M.
dc.contributor.authorLuong, D. H.
dc.contributor.authordu Rietz, R.
dc.contributor.authorWakhle, A.
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, E.
dc.contributor.authorYakushev, A.
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-02T05:08:41Z
dc.date.available2018-11-02T05:08:41Z
dc.identifier.issn0556-2813
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/148817
dc.description.abstractBackground: The fusion-evaporation reaction at energies around the Coulomb barrier is presently the only way to produce the heaviest elements. However, formation of evaporation residues is strongly hindered due to the competing fusion-fission and quasifission processes. Presently, a full understanding of these processes and their relationships has not been reached. Purpose: This work aims to use new fission measurements and existing evaporation residue and fission excitation function data for reactions forming Cf isotopes to investigate the dependence of the quasifission probability and characteristics on the identities of the two colliding nuclei in heavy element formation reactions. Method: Using the Australian National University’s 14UD electrostatic accelerator and CUBE detector array, fission fragments from the 12C + 235U, 34S + 208Pb, 36S + 206Pb, 36S + 208Pb, and 44Ca + 198Pt reactions were measured. Mass and angle distributions of fission fragments were extracted and compared to investigate the presence and characteristics of quasifission. Results: Mass-angle-correlated fission fragments were observed for the 44Ca + 198Pt reaction; no correlation was observed in the other reactions measured. Flat-topped fission-fragment mass distributions were observed for 12C + 235U at compound-nucleus excitation energies from 28 to 52 MeV. Less pronounced flat-topped distributions were observed, with very similar shapes, for all three sulfur-induced reactions at excitation energies lower than 45 MeV. Conclusions: A high probability of long-time-scale quasifission seems necessary to explain both the fission and evaporation residue data for the 34S + 208Pb and 36S + 206Pb reactions. Flat-topped mass distributions observed for 12C- and 34,36S-induced reactions are suggested to originate both from late-chance fusion-fission at low excitation energies and the persistence of shell effects at the higher energies associated with quasifission
dc.description.sponsorshipJ.K. thanks the Australian National University for financial support during his stay at the ANU. The authors are grateful for fruitful discussions with Professor Dr. S. Hofmann, Dr. K. Nishio, and Dr. C. Simenel. This work was supported by Australian Research Council Grants DP110102858, FL110100098, DP130101569, and DP140101337.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.publisherAmerican Physical Society
dc.rights© 2015 American Physical Society. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0556-2813/..."author can archive publisher's version/PDF" from SHERPA/RoMEO site (as at 2/11/18)
dc.sourcePhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
dc.titleExperimental study of the quasifission, fusion-fission, and de-excitation of Cf compound nuclei
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume91
dc.date.issued2015
local.publisher.urlhttps://www.aps.org/
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationHinde, D., Research School of Physics & Engineering, The Australian National University
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP110102858
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/FL110100098
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP130101569
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP140101337
local.bibliographicCitation.issue5
local.identifier.doi10.1103/PhysRevC.91.054608
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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