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Ongoing growth in the number of Indigenous Australians in business

Shirodkar, Siddharth; Hunter, Boyd; Foley, Dennis

Description

In 2014, Boyd Hunter attempted to provide a consistent estimate of the growth in Indigenous self-employment between 1991 and 2011. Changes in the census questionnaire structure and sequencing means that projecting the growth trends back to 1991 is now problematic. This paper provides a more refined, consistent and transparent method for calculating the number of Indigenous owner–managers operating in the economy, including accounting for the growing prevalence of Indigenous...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorShirodkar, Siddharth
dc.contributor.authorHunter, Boyd
dc.contributor.authorFoley, Dennis
dc.contributor.otherAustralian National University. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research
dc.coverage.spatialAustralia
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-25T05:10:49Z
dc.date.available2018-10-25T05:10:49Z
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-9252-8632-8
dc.identifier.issn1442-3871
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/148675
dc.description.abstractIn 2014, Boyd Hunter attempted to provide a consistent estimate of the growth in Indigenous self-employment between 1991 and 2011. Changes in the census questionnaire structure and sequencing means that projecting the growth trends back to 1991 is now problematic. This paper provides a more refined, consistent and transparent method for calculating the number of Indigenous owner–managers operating in the economy, including accounting for the growing prevalence of Indigenous owner–managers who are increasingly identifying themselves as Indigenous in the census, unlike in previous censuses where many did not identify. Using census data and estimated residential population statistics, we conservatively estimate that around 17 900 Indigenous business owner–managers operated in Australia in 2016. We estimate that the number of Indigenous business owner–managers grew by 30% between 2011 and 2016. The rate of Indigenous business ownership has grown marginally as a share of the Indigenous working-age population at a time when the non-Indigenous rate of business ownership has fallen. Yet the rate of Indigenous business ownership remains relatively low compared with the rate of business ownership among non-Indigenous Australians. The paper also provides insights about the characteristics of Indigenous owner–managers, including their number, geographic distribution, gender composition, industrial sectors, and whether they are running incorporated or unincorporated enterprises. The recent growth in Indigenous owner–managers is almost entirely in urban areas and cities where well-developed and diverse labour and product markets operate. The paper explores some of the key factors that are impacting on Indigenous business development, including issues about the economics of discrimination and remoteness. The paper also outlines policy implications that arise from the analysis. We reflect on further refinements of the Indigenous Procurement Policy, the recently announced Indigenous Business Sector Strategy and other policy options.
dc.format.extent32 pages
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherCanberra, ACT : Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR), The Australian National University
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWorking Paper (Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR), The Australian National University); No. 125/2018
dc.rightsAuthor/s retain copyright
dc.subjectIndigenous businesses
dc.subjectIndigenous owner–managers
dc.subjectIndigenous entrepreneurship
dc.subjecteconomics of discrimination
dc.subjectremote Indigenous business
dc.titleOngoing growth in the number of Indigenous Australians in business
dc.typeWorking/Technical Paper
dc.date.issued2018
local.identifier.absfor169902 - Studies of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Society
local.identifier.ariespublicationu4019826xPUB23
local.type.statusPublished Version
local.contributor.affiliationShirodkar, S., Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University
local.bibliographicCitation.issue125/2018
local.identifier.doi10.25911/5bdbce256fae4
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.provenancePermission to deposit in Open Research received from CAEPR (ERMS2230079)
CollectionsANU Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR)

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