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The world's road to water scarcity: shortage and stress in the 20th century and pathways towards sustainability

Kummu, M; Guillaume, J H A; de Moel, H; Eisner, S; Flörke, M; Porkka, M; Siebert, S; Veldkamp, T I E; Ward, P J


Water scarcity is a rapidly growing concern around the globe, but little is known about how it has developed over time. This study provides a first assessment of continuous sub-national trajectories of blue water consumption, renewable freshwater availability, and water scarcity for the entire 20th century. Water scarcity is analysed using the fundamental concepts of shortage (impacts due to low availability per capita) and stress (impacts due to high consumption relative to availability) which...[Show more]

CollectionsANU Research Publications
Date published: 2016-12-09
Type: Journal article
Source: Scientific reports
DOI: 10.1038/srep38495
Access Rights: Open Access


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