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Association between vision impairment and health among a national cohort of 87 134 Thai adults

Yiengprugsawan, Vasoontara; Sleigh, Adrian; Thai Cohort Study Team; Seubsman, Sam-ang

Description

To date, more than 300 million people worldwide live with low vision and blindness, imposing social and economic burdens on individuals and families. This study analyzes a cohort of 87 134 Thai adults, reporting odds ratios (ORs) and calculating population attributable fractions (PAFs). PAF estimates the proportion of the disease or condition that would not occur if no one in the population had the risk factor. Approximately 28% and 8% reported having refractive errors and vision impairment not...[Show more]

dc.contributor.authorYiengprugsawan, Vasoontara
dc.contributor.authorSleigh, Adrian
dc.contributor.authorThai Cohort Study Team
dc.contributor.authorSeubsman, Sam-ang
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-24T04:03:25Z
dc.date.available2015-07-24T04:03:25Z
dc.identifier.issn1010-5395
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1885/14417
dc.description.abstractTo date, more than 300 million people worldwide live with low vision and blindness, imposing social and economic burdens on individuals and families. This study analyzes a cohort of 87 134 Thai adults, reporting odds ratios (ORs) and calculating population attributable fractions (PAFs). PAF estimates the proportion of the disease or condition that would not occur if no one in the population had the risk factor. Approximately 28% and 8% reported having refractive errors and vision impairment not correctable by visual aids. Both types of vision impairment were positively associated with poor self-assessed health (adjusted ORs = 1.23 to 2.03) and poor psychological health (adjusted ORs = 1.13 to 1.63). PAFs show that refractive errors explain 6.1% of poor self-assessed health, 3.5% of poor psychological health, and 2.2% of falls in the last year. PAFs for vision impairment not correctable by visual aids explain 7.5%, 4.7%, and 3.1%, respectively. Incorporating early detection and prevention of vision impairment at the primary health care level will contribute to promoting the health of Thais.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported by the International Collaborative Research Grants Scheme with joint grants from the Wellcome Trust UK (GR071587MA) and the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC 268055).
dc.format9 pages
dc.publisherSAGE Publications
dc.rights© 2012 APJPH. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1010-5395/..."Author's post-print on author's personal website, departmental website, institutional website or institutional repository" from SHERPA/RoMEO site (as at 27/07/15)
dc.sourceAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
dc.subjectthailand
dc.subjectfalls
dc.subjectpsychological health
dc.subjectself-assessed health
dc.subjectvision impairment
dc.titleAssociation between vision impairment and health among a national cohort of 87 134 Thai adults
dc.typeJournal article
local.identifier.citationvolume27
dcterms.dateAccepted2012
dc.date.issued2015-03-31
local.publisher.urlhttps://uk.sagepub.com/en-gb/eur/home
local.type.statusAccepted Version
local.contributor.affiliationYiengprugsawan, V., National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
local.contributor.affiliationSleigh, A. C., National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, The Australian National University
dc.relationhttp://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/268055
local.identifier.essn1941-2479
local.bibliographicCitation.issue2
local.bibliographicCitation.startpageNP194
local.bibliographicCitation.lastpageNP202
local.identifier.doi10.1177/1010539511433049
CollectionsANU Research Publications

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